Data Interpretation - Bar Charts

The bar graph given below shows the percentage distribution of the total expenditures of a company under various expense heads during 2003.

Percentage Distribution of Total Expenditure of a Company

1. 

The total amount of expenditures of the company is how many times of expenditure on research and development?

A. 27
B. 20
C. 18
D. 8

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Let the total expenditures be Rs. x.

Then, the expenditure on Research and Development (R & D)

    = Rs. (5% of x)

    = Rs. ( 5 x x )
100

    = Rs. ( x ) .
20

Therefore Ratio of the total expenditure to the expenditure on R & D

    = ( x )
x/20

    = ( 20 ) .
1

Then, the total expenditure is 20 times the expenditure of Research and Development.


2. 

If the expenditure on advertisement is 2.10 crores then the difference between the expenditure on transport and taxes is?

A. Rs. 1.25 crores
B. Rs. 95 lakhs
C. Rs. 65 lakhs
D. Rs. 35 lakhs

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let the total expenditure be Rs. x crores.

Then, 15% of x = 2.10     =>     x = ( 2.10 x 100 ) = 14.
15

Therefore Total expenditure = Rs. 14 crores

and so, the difference between the expenditures on transport and taxes

    = Rs. [(12.5 - 10)% of 14] crores

    = Rs. [2.5% of 14] crores

    = Rs. 0.35 crores

    = Rs. 35 lakhs


3. 

What is the ratio of the total expenditure on infrastructure and transport to the total expenditure on taxes and interest on loans?

A. 5:4
B. 8:7
C. 9:7
D. 13:11

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let the total amount of expenditures be Rs. x.

Then, the total expenditure on infrastruture and transport

    = Rs. [(20 + 12.5)% of x]

    = Rs. [32.5% of x]

    = Rs. ( 32.5x )
100

and total expenditure on taxes and interest on loans

    = Rs. [(10 + 17.5)% of x]

    = Rs. [27.5% of x]

    = Rs. ( 27.5x )
100

Therefore Required ratio = ( 32.5x/100 ) = 13 .
27.5x/100 11


4. 

If the interest on loans amounted to Rs. 2.45 crores then the total amount of expenditure on advertisement, taxes and research and development is?

A. Rs. 7 crores
B. Rs. 5.4 crores
C. Rs. 4.2 crores
D. Rs. 3 crores

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Let the total expenditure be Rs. x crores.

Then, 17.5% of x = 2.45     =>     x = 14.

Therefore Total expenditure = Rs. 14 crores.

and so, the total expenditure on advertisement, taxes and Research and Development

    = Rs. [(15 + 10 + 5)% of 14] crores

    = Rs. [30% of 14] crores

    = Rs. 4.2 crores.


5. 

The expenditure on the interest on loans is by what percent more than the expenditure on transport?

A. 5%
B. 10%
C. 20%
D. 40%

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Let the total amount of expenditures be Rs. x.

Then, the expenditure on interest on loans = Rs. (17.5% of x) = Rs. ( 17.5 x )
100

and the expenditure on transport = Rs. (12.5% of x) = Rs. ( 12.5 x ) .
100

Therefore Difference between the two expenditures
= Rs. ( 17.5x - 12.5x )
100 100
= Rs. ( 5x )
100

and so, the required percentage = ( 5x/100 x 100 ) % = 40%.
12.5x/100