Data Interpretation - Bar Charts
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 1
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 10
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 9
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 8
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 7
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 6
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 5
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 4
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 3
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 2
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 11
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 12
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 13
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 14
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 15
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 16
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 17
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 18
- Bar Charts - Bar Chart 19
The following bar graph shows the Income and Expenditures (in million US $) of five companies in the year 2001. The percent profit or loss of a company is given by
% Profit/Loss = | Income - Expenditure | x 100 |
Expenditure |
Income and Expenditure (in million US $) of five companies in the year 2001.
Total income of Companies M and N together
= (35 + 50) million US $
= 85 million US $
Total expenditure of Companies M and N together
= (45 + 40) million US $
= 85 million US $.
Percent Profit/Loss of companies M and N together
% Profit/Loss = | 85 - 85 | x 100 | = 0%. | ||
85 |
Thus, there was neither loss nor profit for companies M and N together.
Total income of all five companies
= (35 + 50 + 40 + 40 + 50) million US $
= 215 million US $.
Total expenditure of all five companies
= (45 + 40 + 45 + 30 + 45) million US $
= 205 million US $.
% Profit = | (215 - 205) | x 100 | % = 4.88% 5%. | ||
205 |
The percentage profit/loss in the year 2001 for various comapanies are:
For M = | (35 - 45) | x 100 | % = -22.22% i.e., Loss = 22.22%. | ||
45 |
For N = | (50 - 40) | x 100 | % = 25% i.e., Profit = 25%. | ||
40 |
For P = | (40 - 45) | x 100 | % = -11.11% i.e., Loss = 11.11%. | ||
45 |
For Q = | (40 - 30) | x 100 | % = 33.33% i.e., Profit = 33.33%. | ||
30 |
For R = | (50 - 45) | x 100 | % = 11.11% i.e., Profit = 11.11%. | ||
45 |
Clearly, the Company Q earned the maximum profit in 2001.
Let the expenditure of Company R in 2000 be x million US $.
Then, expenditure of Company R in 2001 = | 120 | x x | million US $. | ||
100 |
120x | = 45 x = 37.5. | |
100 |
i.e., expenditure of Company R in 2000 = 37.5 million US $.
Let the income of Company R in 2000 be I million US $.
Then, 10 = | (I - 37.5) | x 100 | [ %Profit in 2000 = 10%] |
37.5 |
I - 37.5 = 3.75
I = 41.25
i.e., Income of Company R in 2000 = 41.25 million US $.
Let the income of Company Q in 2001 = x million US $.
Then, income of Company in 2001 = | 110 | x x | million US $. | ||
100 |
110x | = 40 x = | 400 | . | |||
100 | 11 |
i.e., income of Company Q in 2000 = | 400 | million US $. | ||
11 |
Let the expenditure of Company Q in 2000 be E million US $.
Then, 20 = | [(400/11) - E] | x 100 | [ %Profit = 20% ] |
E |
20 = | 400 | - 1 | x 100 | ||||
11E |
E = | 400 | x | 100 | = 30.30. |
11 | 120 |
Expenditure of Company Q in 2000 = 30.30 million US $.