Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random

Instruction:

  • This is a FREE online test. Beware of scammers who ask for money to attend this test.
  • Total number of questions: 20.
  • Time allotted: 30 minutes.
  • Each question carries 1 mark; there are no negative marks.
  • DO NOT refresh the page.
  • All the best!

Marks : 2/20


Total number of questions
20
Number of answered questions
0
Number of unanswered questions
20
Test Review : View answers and explanation for this test.

Direction (Q.No. 1)
In each series, look for the degree and direction of change between the numbers. In other words, do the numbers increase or decrease, and by how much
1.
Look at this series: 31, 29, 24, 22, 17, ... What number should come next?
15
14
13
12
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
This is a simple alternating subtraction series, which subtracts 2, then 5.

Direction (Q.No. 2)
In these series, you will be looking at both the letter pattern and the number pattern. Fill the blank in the middle of the series or end of the series.
2.
DEF, DEF2, DE2F2, _____, D2E2F3
DEF3
D3EF3
D2E3F
D2E2F2
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:

In this series, the letters remain the same: DEF.

The subscript numbers follow this series:

111, 112, 122, 222, 223, 233, 333, ...


Direction (Q.No. 3)
Choose the picture that would go in the empty box so that the two bottom pictures are related in the same way as the top two are related.
3.
1
2
3
4
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
A toddler is to an adult as a caterpillar is to a butterfly. This relationship shows the young and the adult. The caterpillar is an early stage of the adult butterfly.

Direction (Q.Nos. 4 - 5)
First, you will be given a list of three "nonsense" words and their English word meanings. The question(s) that follow will ask you to reverse the process and translate an English word into the artificial language.
4.
Here are some words translated from an artificial language.
migenlasan means cupboard
lasanpoen means boardwalk
cuopdansa means pullman
Which word could mean "walkway"?
poenmigen
cuopeisel
lasandansa
poenforc
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Migen means cup; lasan means board; poen means walk; cuop means pull; and dansa means man. The only possible choices, then, are choices a and d. Choice a can be ruled out because migen means cup.

5.
Here are some words translated from an artificial language.
godabim means kidney stones
romzbim means kidney beans
romzbako means wax beans
Which word could mean "wax statue"?
godaromz
lazbim
wasibako
romzpeo
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
In this language, the adjective follows the noun. From godabim and romzbim, you can determine that bim means kidney. From romzbim and romzbako, you can determine that romz means beans. Therefore, bako means wax. Because the adjective wax must come after the noun in this language, wasibako is the only choice.

Direction (Q.No. 6)
Read each definition and all four choices carefully, and find the answer that provides the best example of the given definition.
6.
Reentry occurs when a person leaves his or her social system for a period of time and then returns. Which situation below best describes Reentry ?
When he is offered a better paying position, Jacob leaves the restaurant he manages to manage a new restaurant on the other side of town.
Catherine is spending her junior year of college studying abroad in France.
Malcolm is readjusting to civilian life after two years of overseas military service.
After several miserable months, Sharon decides that she can no longer share an apartment with her roommate Hilary.
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Malcolm is the only person returning to a social system that he has been away from for an extended period of time.

Direction (Q.No. 7)
Read the question carefully and choose the correct answer.
7.
Ms. Forest likes to let her students choose who their partners will be; however, no pair of students may work together more than seven class periods in a row. Adam and Baxter have studied together seven class periods in a row. Carter and Dennis have worked together three class periods in a row. Carter does not want to work with Adam. Who should be assigned to work with Baxter?
Carter
Adam
Dennis
Forest
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Baxter should be assigned to study with Carter. Baxter cannot be assigned with Adam, because they have already been together for seven class periods. If Baxter is assigned to work with Dennis, that would leave Adam with Carter, but Carter does not want to work with Adam.

Direction (Q.No. 8)

Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions:

The government of an island nation is in the process of deciding how to spend its limited income. It has $7 million left in its budget and eight programs to choose among. There is no provision in the constitution to have a surplus, and each program has requested the minimum amount they need; in other words, no program may be partially funded. The programs and their funding requests are:

* Hurricane preparedness: $2.5 million
* Harbor improvements: $1 million
* School music program: $0.5 million
* Senate office building remodeling: $1.5 million
* Agricultural subsidy program: $2 million
* National radio: $0.5 million
* Small business loan program: $3 million
* International airport: $4 million
8.
Senators from urban areas are very concerned about assuring that there will be funding for a new international airport. Senators from rural areas refuse to fund anything until money for agricultural subsidies is appropriated. If the legislature funds these two programs, on which of the following could they spend the rest of the money?
the school music program and national radio
hurricane preparedness
harbor improvements and the school music program
small business loan program
national radio and senate office building remodeling
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
The total cost of the school music program and national radio is $1 million, the amount left after the international airport and agricultural subsidies are funded.
International airport + Agricultural subsidy program
$4 million + $2 million = $6 million
school music program and national radio is $1 million.
Hence, Total $7 million.

Direction (Q.No. 9)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

9.

Statements: Water supply in wards A and B of the city will be affected by about 50% on Friday because repairing work of the main lines is to be carried out.

Conclusions:

  1. The residents in these wards should economise on water on Friday.
  2. The residents in these wards should store some water on the previous day.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, the information has been given beforehand so that the residents can collect water on the previous day and use less water on Friday. So, both I and II follow.

Direction (Q.No. 10)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

10.

Statement: The education of a student at collegiate level, not taking into account maintenance expenses, costs four hundred rupees a year. Collegiate education is thus drawing heavily upon the national resources of an impoverished community. So college education should be restricted to a brilliant few.

Assumptions:

  1. Our resources are very limited.
  2. Only a few students should be admitted to the colleges.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
The use of the words 'impoverished community' in the statement makes I implicit while the phrase 'college education should be restricted to a brilliant few' makes II implicit.

Direction (Q.Nos. 11 - 12)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

11.

Statement: "Ensure a good Slight's sleeps for your family with safe and effective X mosquito coil." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. X mosquito coil is better than any other mosquito coil.
  2. A good night's sleep is desirable.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
The statement mentions the good qualities of X coil but this does not mean it is the best. So, I is not implicit. Besides, an advertisement highlights the feature which is desirable by customers and can lure them. So, II is implicit.

12.

Statement: "Private property, trespassers will be prosecuted" - A notice on a plot of land.

Assumptions:

  1. The passerby may read the notice and may not trespass.
  2. The people are scared of prosecution.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Any notice is displayed assuming that people will read the notice and also follow the content of the notice. So, I is implicit. Besides, the notice threatens any trespassers to be prosecuted. So, II is also implicit.

Direction (Q.No. 13)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

13.

Statement: The higher echelons of any organization are expected to be models of observational learning and should not be considered as merely sources of reward and punishments.

Assumptions:

  1. Employees are likely to be sensitive enough to learn by observing the behaviour of their bosses.
  2. Normally bosses are considered as sources of reward and punishment.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
The statement advises people not to consider their bosses as mere 'supervisors' to control and assess their acts, but as 'models' to imitate in their working. So, both I and II are implicit.

Direction (Q.No. 14)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

14.

Statement: Some serious blunders were detected in the Accounts section of a factory.

Courses of Action:

  1. An efficient team of auditors should be appointed to check the Accounts.
  2. A show cause notice should be issued to all the employees involved in the irregularity.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, the situation demands that the faults in Accounts be properly worked out and the persons involved be interrogated about the matter. So, both the courses follow.

Direction (Q.Nos. 15 - 17)

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

15.

Statement: Should there be concentration of foreign investment in only few states?

Arguments:

  1. No. It is against the policy of overall development of the country.
  2. Yes. A large number of states lack infrastructure to attract foreign investment.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
An equitable distribution of foreign investment is a must for uniform development all over the country. So, argument I holds. Also, no backward state ought to be neglected, rather such states should be prepared and shaped up to attract. Foreign investment as well. So, II does not hold.

16.

Statement: Should the council of ministers once appointed be kept the same for the entire period intervening two elections?

Arguments:

  1. No. Shuffling of ministers and portfolios is a healthy democratic process.
  2. Yes. The ministers do not get a hold on their portfolio unless they are kept for a longer duration.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Shuffling of Cabinet ministers is just not a regular process, but a step to ensure proper working and implementation of schemes and avoid corruption. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

17.

Statement: Should all news be controlled by Government in a democracy?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. Variety of news only confuses people.
  2. No. Controlled news loses credibility.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, the variety of news helps people to develop their own views. So, argument I is vague. Also, controlled news shall be a partial produce. So, it loses credibility Thus, argument II holds.

Direction (Q.No. 18)

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

18.

Statement: There has been unprecedented increase in the prices of essential commodities during the past few days due to the strike call given by the transporters association.

Courses of Action:

  1. The transporters' association should be ordered by the government to immediately withdraw strike call or else they will face severe consequences.
  2. The government should immediately make alternative arrangements to ensure adequate supply of essential commodities in the market.
  3. The government should immediately declare the strike illegal and put all those responsible for the strike behind the bars.

Only I and II follow
Only II and III follow
Only I and III follow
All follow
None of these
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, the situation demands that strike be called off, either through warning or negotiations, and till then alternative arrangements be made to retain normalcy in supply of essential commodities. So, both I and II follow. Taking extreme steps (as getting the striking transporters arrested) at the first stage, doesn't seem proper. So, III does not follow.

Direction (Q.No. 19)

In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III, You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

19.

Statements: All flowers are toys. Some toys are trees. Some angels are trees.

Conclusions:

  1. Some angels are toys.
  2. Some trees are flowers.
  3. Some flowers are angels.

None follows
Only I follows
Only II follows
Only III follows
Only I and III follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:

All flowers are toys. Some toys are trees.

Since the middle term 'toys' is not distributed even once in the premises, no definite conclusion follows.

Some toys are trees. Some angels are trees.

Since both the premises are particular, no definite conclusion can be drawn.


Direction (Q.No. 20)

In each of the following questions, three statements are given followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and TV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

20.

Statements: No house is school. All colleges are schools. All schools are teachers.

Conclusions:

  1. No house is teacher.
  2. All colleges are teachers.
  3. Some teachers are not houses.
  4. No college is house.

None follows
Only either I or IV follows
Only II, III and IV follow
All follow
Only either I or IV, and III follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:

All colleges are schools. No house is school.

Since both the premises are universal and one premise is negative, the conclusion must be universal negative and should not contain the middle term. So, it follows that 'No college is house'. Thus, IV follows.

All colleges are schools. All schools are teachers.

Clearly, it follows that 'All colleges are teachers'. Thus, II follows.

No house is school. All schools are teachers.

Since the middle term 'schools' is distributed twice, the conclusion must be particular.

Since one premise is negative, the conclusion must be negative. So, it follows that 'Some teachers are not houses'.


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