Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random



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Instruction:

  • This is a FREE online test. DO NOT pay money to anyone to attend this test.
  • Total number of questions : 20.
  • Time alloted : 30 minutes.
  • Each question carry 1 mark, no negative marks.
  • DO NOT refresh the page.
  • All the best :-).


Direction (for Q.No. 1):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

1.

Statement: An advertisement: "Our shoes are for the rich."

Assumptions:

  1. Many people like to be labelled as rich.
  2. One can't become rich unless one has that brand of shoes.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement stresses on the point that this particular brand of shoes is worn by affluent and upper-class people as they are good-quality shoes. And an advertisement highlights the feature which most people desire. So, I is implicit. But it doesn't mean that one has to have those shoes to be called 'rich'. So, II is not implicit.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 2 - 3):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.

2.

Statement: Should there be complete ban on Indian professionals seeking jobs elsewhere after getting their education in India?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. This is the only way to sustain present rate of technological development in India.
  2. No. The Indians settled abroad send huge amount of foreign exchange and this constitutes a significant part of foreign exchange reserve.
  3. No. The practical knowledge gained by Indians by working in other countries help India develop its economy.

A.
None is strong
B.
All are strong
C.
Only I and II are strong
D.
Only III is strong
E.
Only II and III are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, none of the arguments provides a substantial reason either for or against the given statements. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

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3.

Statement: Is caste-based reservation policy in professional colleges justified?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. The step is a must to bring the underprivileged at par with the privileged ones.
  2. No. It obstructs the establishment of a classless society.
  3. Yes. This will help the backward castes and classes of people to come out of the oppression of upper caste people.

A.
Only I and II are strong
B.
Only II is strong
C.
Only II and III are strong
D.
Only I and III are strong
E.
All are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, capability is an essential criteria for a profession and reservation cannot ensure capable workers. So, neither I nor III holds strong. However, making one caste more privileged than the other through reservations would hinder the objectives of a classless society. So, argument II holds strong.

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Direction (for Q.No. 4):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

4.

Statement: In spite of the Principal's repeated warnings, a child was caught exploding crackers secretly in the school.

Courses of Action:

  1. All the crackers should be taken away from the child and he should be threatened not to do it again.
  2. The child should be severely punished for his wrong act.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Since the act has been repeated despite various warnings, so course I would only be another warning and would not help. Severe punishment to set example for him and others is inevitable. Thus, course II shall follow.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 5 - 6):
Look carefully for the pattern, and then choose which pair of numbers comes next.
5.

84 78 72 66 60 54 48

A.
44 34
B.
42 36
C.
42 32
D.
40 34
E.
38 32

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

In this simple subtraction series, each number is 6 less than the previous number.

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6.

61 57 50 61 43 36 61

A.
29 61
B.
27 20
C.
31 61
D.
22 15
E.
29 22

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

This is an alternating repetition series, in which a random number, 61, is interpolated as every third number into an otherwise simple subtraction series. Starting with the second number, 57, each number (except 61) is 7 less than the previous number.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 7 - 8):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

7.

Statement: Should internal assessment in colleges be abolished?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. This will help in reducing the possibility of favouritism.
  2. No, teaching faculty will lose control over students.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Abolishing the internal assessment would surely reduce favouritism on personal grounds because the teachers would not be involved in examination system so that they cannot extend personal benefits to anyone. So, argument I holds strong. But it will not affect the control of teaching faculty on students because still the teachers would be teaching them. So, argument II is vague.

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8.

Statement: Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan?

Arguments:

  1. No. Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India.
  2. Yes. This would help settle conflicts.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, India cannot part with a state that is a major foreign exchange earner to it. So, argument I holds strong. Further, giving away a piece of land unconditionally and unreasonably is no solution to settle disputes. So, argument II is vague.

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Direction (for Q.No. 9):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

9.

Statement: A's advice to B - "Go to Jammu via Amritsar - the shortest route".

Assumptions:

  1. B wishes to go to Jammu.
  2. A gives advice to everybody.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

A has advised B the route to Jammu. This means that B wishes to go to Jammu. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions only A's advice to B. So, II is not implicit.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 10 - 12):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

10.

Statement: "Buy pure and natural honey of company X." - An advertisement in a newspaper.

Assumptions:

  1. Artificial honey can be prepared.
  2. People do not mind paying more for pure and natural honey.
  3. No other company supplies pure honey.

A.
Only I is implicit
B.
Only I and II are implicit
C.
Only I and III are implicit
D.
All are implicit
E.
None of these

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Artificial honey can be made. That is why the word 'natural' needs to be mentioned in the advertisement. So, I is implicit. No comparison is made of the prices of natural and artificial honey. So, II is not implicit. Nothing about the quality of honey of other companies can be deduced. So, III is also not implicit.

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11.

Statement: Considering the tickets sold during the last seven days, the circus authorities decided to continue the show for another fortnight which includes two weekends.

Assumptions:

  1. People may not turn up on weekdays.
  2. The average number of people who will be visiting circus will be more or less same as that of the last seven days.
  3. There may not be enough response at other places.

A.
All are implicit
B.
None is implicit
C.
Only II is implicit
D.
Only I and II are implicit
E.
None of these

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Clearly, the fortnight would include weekdays also. So, I is not implicit. Also, the authorities decided to continue the show with the hope that people would visit the circus in the same numbers as they had done in the last seven days. So, II is implicit. III is vague and so is not implicit.

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12.

Statement: These apples are too cheap to be good.

Assumptions:

  1. When the apple crop is abundant, the prices go down.
  2. The lower the selling price, the inferior is the quality of the commodity.
  3. Very cheap apples are also good.

A.
None is implicit
B.
Only I and III are implicit
C.
Only II is implicit
D.
Only II and III are implicit
E.
All are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

It is mentioned that the apples are so cheap that they cannot be good. This means that the prices of good apples are never too low and that very cheap apples are never good. So, neither I nor III is implicit. Assumption II clearly follows from the statement that apples are of inferior quality because they are cheap. So, it is implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 13):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

13.

Statement: The President assured the people that elections will be held here after every five years,

Assumptions:

  1. People are afraid that the elections may not be held at all.
  2. People are afraid that the elections may not be held after five years.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Clearly, the statement is made to eliminate the fear of the people that the elections may not be held at all or they may not be held after five years. So, either I or II is implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 14):

Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions:

The government of an island nation is in the process of deciding how to spend its limited income. It has $7 million left in its budget and eight programs to choose among. There is no provision in the constitution to have a surplus, and each program has requested the minimum amount they need; in other words, no program may be partially funded. The programs and their funding requests are:

* Hurricane preparedness: $2.5 million
* Harbor improvements: $1 million
* School music program: $0.5 million
* Senate office building remodeling: $1.5 million
* Agricultural subsidy program: $2 million
* National radio: $0.5 million
* Small business loan program: $3 million
* International airport: $4 million
14.

Senators from urban areas are very concerned about assuring that there will be funding for a new international airport. Senators from rural areas refuse to fund anything until money for agricultural subsidies is appropriated. If the legislature funds these two programs, on which of the following could they spend the rest of the money?

A.
the school music program and national radio
B.
hurricane preparedness
C.
harbor improvements and the school music program
D.
small business loan program
E.
national radio and senate office building remodeling

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The total cost of the school music program and national radio is $1 million, the amount left after the international airport and agricultural subsidies are funded.
International airport + Agricultural subsidy program
$4 million + $2 million = $6 million
school music program and national radio is $1 million.
Hence, Total $7 million.

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Direction (for Q.No. 15):

In each of the following questions, two statements are given followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

15.

Statements: Some taxis have horns. Some taxis have lights.

Conclusions:

  1. Every taxi has either horn or light.
  2. Some taxis have neither light nor horn.
  3. Some taxis have horns as well as lights.
  4. No taxi has horn as well as light.

A.
Only I and II follow
B.
Only II and III follow
C.
Only II and IV follow
D.
Either III or IV follows
E.
All follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Since both the premises are particular, no definite conclusion follows. However, III and IV form a complementary pair. Thus, either III or IV follows.

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Direction (for Q.No. 16):
In each series, look for the degree and direction of change between the numbers. In other words, do the numbers increase or decrease, and by how much
16.

Look at this series: 2, 1, (1/2), (1/4), ... What number should come next?

A.
(1/3)
B.
(1/8)
C.
(2/8)
D.
(1/16)

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

This is a simple division series; each number is one-half of the previous number.

In other terms to say, the number is divided by 2 successively to get the next result.

4/2 = 2
2/2 = 1
1/2 = 1/2
(1/2)/2 = 1/4
(1/4)/2 = 1/8 and so on.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 17 - 18):
Every one of the following questions consists of a related pair of words, followed by five pairs of words. Choose the pair that best represents a similar relationship to the one expressed in the original pair of words.
17.

TAILOR : SUIT

A.
scheme : agent
B.
edit : manuscript
C.
revise : writer
D.
mention : opinion
E.
implode : building

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

To tailor a suit is to alter it; to edit a manuscript is to alter it.

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18.

PASTORAL : RURAL

A.
metropolitan : urban
B.
harvest : autumn
C.
agrarian : benevolent
D.
sleepy : nocturnal
E.
wild : agricultural

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Pastoral describes rural areas; metropolitan describes urban areas.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 19 - 20):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

19.

Statement: India's economic growth has come at a terrible price of increased industrial and vehicular pollution.

Assumptions:

  1. Pollution is a part of industrial society.
  2. Indian economic growth is based on only industrial growth.
  3. A country desires economic growth with manageable side effects.

A.
Only I is implicit
B.
Only II is implicit
C.
Only III is implicit
D.
Only I and III are implicit
E.
None of these

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement mentions that India had to pay the price of increased pollution level to earn its economic growth. So, both I and III are implicit. However, this does not imply that only industrial growth has brought about India's economic growth. So, II is not implicit.

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20.

Statement: "If you are beautiful, we will catch your beauty. If you are not, we will make you beautiful." - An advertisement of a photo studio.

Assumptions:

  1. How to look beautiful is a problem of youngsters.
  2. A photograph can be beautiful even if a person is not.
  3. People like to be considered beautiful.

A.
Only I and II are implicit
B.
Only II and III are implicit
C.
Only III is implicit
D.
Only I and III are implicit
E.
All are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, the advertisement is meant for people of all age groups and so assuming a fact only in relation to youngsters is vague. So, I is not implicit. Also, the studio promises to make those people 'beautiful' who are not. This makes II implicit. Further, the advertisement is meant for persons who desire to be beautiful. So, III is implicit.

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