# Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random

Instruction:

• Total number of questions : 20.
• Time alloted : 30 minutes.
• Each question carry 1 mark, no negative marks.
• DO NOT refresh the page.
• All the best :-).

Direction (for Q.No. 1):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

1.

Statement: The taste of food contributes to the intake of nourishment which is essential for the survival of human beings.

Assumptions:

1. Human beings take food for the enjoyment of its taste.
2. Human beings experience the taste of food.

A.
 Only assumption I is implicit
B.
 Only assumption II is implicit
C.
 Either I or II is implicit
D.
 Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
 Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

It is mentioned that nourishment is essential for survival. So, this is the basic cause of intake of food. Hence, I is not implicit. Since taste of food affects the intake of nourishment, it means that human beings are affected by taste. So, II is implicit.

Direction (for Q.No. 2):

In each of the following questions, three statements are given followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and TV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

2.

Statements: All needles are threads. All threads are boxes. All trees are boxes.

Conclusions:

1. No needle is tree.
3. Some boxes are needles.
4. Some trees are needles.

A.
 None follows
B.
 Only either I or IV follows
C.
 Only either I or IV, and II follow
D.
 Only III follows
E.
 Only either I or IV, and III follow

Explanation:

Since both the premises are universal and affirmative, the conclusion must be universal affirmative (A-type) and should not contain the middle term. So, it follows that 'All needles are boxes'. III is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds.

All threads are boxes. All trees are boxes.

Since the middle term 'boxes' is not distributed even once in the premises, no definite conclusion follows.

All needles are boxes. All trees are boxes.

Again, since the middle term 'boxes' is not distributed even once in the premises, no definite conclusion can be drawn. However, I and IV involve the extreme terms of these two statements and form a complementary pair. Thus, either I or IV follows.

Direction (for Q.No. 3):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

3.

Statement: This book is so prepared that even a layman can study science in the absence of a teacher.

Assumptions:

1. A layman wishes to study science without a teacher.
2. A teacher may not always be available to teach science.
3. A layman generally finds it difficult to learn science on its own.

A.
 Only I and II are implicit
B.
 Only II and III are implicit
C.
 Only I and III are implicit
D.
 All are implicit
E.
 None of these

Explanation:

Clearly, the statement is made to impress the usefulness of the book. It does not mention the desire of a layman. So, I is not implicit. Also, the book is intended to guide one when a teacher is not available. So, both II and III are implicit.

Direction (for Q.Nos. 4 - 6):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.

4.

Statement: Should "literacy" be the minimum criterion for becoming a voter in India?

Arguments:

1. No. Mere literacy is no guarantee of political maturity of an individual.
2. Yes. Illiterate people are less likely to make politically wiser decisions of voting for a right candidate or party.
3. No. Voting is the constitutional right of every citizen.

A.
 None is strong
B.
 Only I and II are strong
C.
 Only III is strong
D.
 Only II and III are strong
E.
 All are strong

Explanation:

Clearly, illiterate people lack will power and maturity in thoughts. They may easily be misled into false convictions or lured into temptations to vote for a particular group. So, argument II holds. However, a person is literate does not mean that he is conscious of all political movements, which requires practical awareness of everyday events. Thus, I also holds strong. Besides, Constitution has extended the right to vote equally to all its citizens. Hence, III also holds.

5.

Statement: Should all the youngsters below 21 years of age be disallowed from going to a beer bar?

Arguments:

1. No. It is not correct to prevent matured youngsters above 18 years of age who can vote, from having fun.
2. Yes. The entry fee to such pubs should also be hiked.
3. No. There is no such curb in western countries.
4. Yes. This will help in preventing youngsters from getting into bad company and imbibing bad habits.

A.
 Only I is strong
B.
 Only I and III are strong
C.
 Only III and IV are strong
D.
 Only I and IV are strong
E.
 None is strong

Explanation:

Clearly, our Constitution considers youngsters above 18 years of age, mature enough to exercise their decisive power in Government by voting. This implies that such individuals can also judge what is good or bad for them. Thus, argument I holds strong. However, at such places, youngsters may be lead astray by certain indecent guys and swayed from the right path into bad indulgences. So, IV also holds strong. Hiking the entry fees is no way to disallow them, and also the idea of imitating the western countries holds no relevance. So, neither II nor III holds strong.

6.

Statement: Should all the school teachers be debarred from giving private tuitions?

Arguments:

1. No. The needy students will be deprived of the expertise of these teachers.
2. Yes. This is an injustice to the unemployed educated people who can earn their living by giving tuitions.
3. Yes. Only then the quality of teaching in schools will improve.
4. Yes. Now salary of these teachers is reasonable.

A.
 Only I and III are strong
B.
 Only I, II and III are strong
C.
 Only III and IV are strong
D.
 Only II, III and IV are strong
E.
 None of these

Explanation:

Only III is strong. The lure of earning private tuitions reduces the efforts and devotion of the teachers towards the students in schools. So, if tuitions are banned, students can benefit from their teachers' knowledge in the school itself. So, argument III holds strong while I does not. However, a person cannot be barred from earning more just because he already has a good salary. So, argument IV is vague. Further, the unemployed people thriving on tuitions can survive with the school teachers holding tuitions too, if they are capable enough to guide the students well. So, argument II also does not hold strong.

Direction (for Q.No. 7):
Remember, you are looking for the word that does NOT belong in the same group as the others. Sometimes, all four words seem to fit in the same group. If so, look more closely to further narrow your classification.
7.

Which word does NOT belong with the others?

A.
 seat
B.
 rung
C.
 cushion
D.
 leg

Explanation:

Seat, rung, and leg are all parts of a chair. Not all chairs have cushions.

Direction (for Q.No. 8):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

• (A) If only I follows
• (B) If only II follows
• (C) If either I or II follows
• (D) If neither I nor II follows
• (E) If both I and II follow.

8.

Statement: The alert villagers caught a group of dreaded dacoits armed with murderous weapons.

Courses of Action:

1. The villagers should be provided sophisticated weapons.
2. The villagers should be rewarded for their courage and unity.

A.
 Only I follows
B.
 Only II follows
C.
 Either I or II follows
D.
 Neither I nor II follows
E.
 Both I and II follow

Explanation:

Clearly, I is not practically viable. However, villagers should be rewarded for their courage, to keep up their spirits in future. Thus, II follows.

Direction (for Q.No. 9):
The words in the bottom row are related in the same way as the words in the top row. For each item, find the word that completes the bottom row of words.
9.

 walk skip run toss pitch ?

A.
 swerve
B.
 hurl
C.
 jump
D.
 dance

Explanation:

Walk, skip, and run represent a continuum of movement: Skipping is faster than walking; running is faster than skipping. Below the line, the continuum is about throwing: Pitch is faster than toss; hurl is faster than pitch.

Direction (for Q.No. 10):
Choose the picture that would go in the empty box so that the two bottom pictures are related in the same way as the top two are related.
10.

A.
 1
B.
 2
C.
 3
D.
 4

Explanation:

Sail is to sailboat as pedal is to bicycle. The sail makes the sailboat move; the pedal makes the bicycle move.

Direction (for Q.No. 11):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

11.

Statement: Lack of coordination between the University, its colleges and various authorities has resulted in students ousted from one college seeking migration to another.

Courses of Action:

1. If a student is ousted from a college, the information should be sent to all the other colleges of the University
2. The admissions to all the colleges of the University should be handled by the University directly.
3. A separate section should be made for taking strict action against students indulging in anti-social activities.

A.
 Only I follows
B.
 Only II follows
C.
 Only III follows
D.
 Only I and III follow
E.
 Only II and III follow

Explanation:

Clearly, the issue is not so big as to allot all powers of admissions to colleges, to the University only. So, II does not follow. The problem can be solved by circulating the information of the ousted students to all the colleges so as to ensure that such students do not get admission elsewhere also. This might prove useful in rectifying such students. So, I follows while III does not.

Direction (for Q.No. 12):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

• (A) If only argument I is strong
• (B) If only argument II is strong
• (C) If either I or II is strong
• (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
• (E) If both I and II are strong.

12.

Statement: Should India create a huge oil reserve like some Western countries to face difficult situations in future?

Arguments:

1. No. There is no need to block huge amount of foreign exchange and keep the money idle.
2. Yes. This will help India withstand shocks of sudden rise in oil prices due to unforeseen circumstances.

A.
 Only argument I is strong
B.
 Only argument II is strong
C.
 Either I or II is strong
D.
 Neither I nor II is strong
E.
 Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

Oil, being an essential commodity, our country must keep it in reserve. So, argument I is vague, while argument II holds as it provides a substantial reason for the same.

Direction (for Q.No. 13):
Look carefully at the sequence of symbols to find the pattern. Select correct pattern.
13.

A.
 1
B.
 2
C.
 3
D.
 4

Explanation:

Look at each segment. In the first segment, the arrows are both pointing to the right. In the second segment, the first arrow is up and the second is down. The third segment repeats the first segment. In the fourth segment, the arrows are up and then down. Because this is an alternating series,the two arrows pointing right will be repeated, so option B is the only possible choice.

Direction (for Q.No. 14):

In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

• (A) If only conclusion I follows
• (B) If only conclusion II follows
• (C) If either I or II follows
• (D) If neither I nor II follows and
• (E) If both I and II follow.

14.

Statements: No gentleman is poor. All gentlemen are rich.

Conclusions:

1. No poor man is rich.
2. No rich man is poor.

A.
 Only conclusion I follows
B.
 Only conclusion II follows
C.
 Either I or II follows
D.
 Neither I nor II follows
E.
 Both I and II follow

Explanation:

The first premise is an E-type proposition, So, the middle term 'gentleman' forming the subject is distributed. The second premise is an A-type proposition. So, the middle term 'gentlemen' forming the subject is distributed. Since the middle term is distributed twice, the conclusion cannot be universal. Since one premise is negative, the conclusion must be negative. Thus, it follows that 'Some rich men are not poor'. Thus, neither I nor II follows.

Direction (for Q.No. 15):

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

• (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
• (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
• (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
• (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
• (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

15.

Statements:

1. There is unprecedented increase in the number of young unemployed in comparison to the previous year.
2. A large number of candidates submitted applications against an advertisement for the post of manager issued by a bank.

A.
 Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B.
 Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C.
 Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D.
 Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E.
 Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

An increase in the number of unemployed youth is bound to draw in huge crowds for a single vacancy.

Direction (for Q.No. 16):
A good way to approach this type of question is to use the following sentence: "A ______ could not exist without ______.". Find the word that names a necessary part of the underlined word.
16.

cage

A.
 enclosure
B.
 prisoner
C.
 animal
D.
 zoo

Explanation:

A cage is meant to keep something surrounded, so enclosure is the essential element. A prisoner (choice b) or an animal (choice c) are two things that may be kept in cages, among many other things. A zoo (choice d) is only one place that has cages.

Direction (for Q.Nos. 17 - 18):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

• (A) If only argument I is strong
• (B) If only argument II is strong
• (C) If either I or II is strong
• (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
• (E) If both I and II are strong.

17.

Statement: Should we scrap the system of formal education beyond graduation?

Arguments:

1. Yes. It will mean taking employment at an early date.
2. No. It will mean lack of depth of knowledge.

A.
 Only argument I is strong
B.
 Only argument II is strong
C.
 Either I or II is strong
D.
 Neither I nor II is strong
E.
 Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

Clearly, argument I is vague because at present too, many fields are open to all after graduation. However, eliminating the post-graduate courses would abolish higher and specialized studies which lead to understanding things better and deeply. So, argument II is valid.

18.

Statement: Should India make efforts to harness solar energy to fulfil its energy requirements?

Arguments:

1. Yes, Most of the energy sources used at present is exhaustible.
2. No. Harnessing solar energy requires a lot of capital, which India lacks in.

A.
 Only argument I is strong
B.
 Only argument II is strong
C.
 Either I or II is strong
D.
 Neither I nor II is strong
E.
 Both I and II are strong

Explanation:

Clearly, harnessing solar energy will be helpful as it is an inexhaustible resource unlike other resources. So, argument I holds. But argument II is vague as solar energy is the cheapest form of energy.

Direction (for Q.No. 19):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

19.

Statement: This year most of the shops and departmental stores are offering prizes and discounts on purchases to attract customers.

Assumptions:

1. The shops and departmental stores have so far earned a lot of profit, so now they have started sharing it with the customers.
2. Lots of goods are available but the sale is not shooting up. There is no cheer for the customers.

A.
 Only assumption I is implicit
B.
 Only assumption II is implicit
C.
 Either I or II is implicit
D.
 Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
 Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

That someone has earned a lot is no reason to share the profit margin with the customers. So, I is not implicit. Clearly, the offers have been announced to attract more customers and boost up the sale. So, II is implicit.

Direction (for Q.No. 20):
Read each definition and all four choices carefully, and find the answer that provides the best example of the given definition.
20.

The rules of baseball state that a batter Legally Completes His Time at Bat when he is put out or becomes a base runner. Which situation below is the best example of a batter Legally Completing His Time at Bat?

A.
 Jared's blooper over the head of the short-stop puts him in scoring position.
B.
 The umpire calls a strike, even though the last pitch was way outside.
C.
 The pitcher throws his famous knuckleball, Joe swings and misses, and the umpire calls a strike.
D.
 The count is two balls and two strikes as Mario waits for the next pitch.

Explanation:

The fact that Jared is in scoring position due to his blooper indicates that he has hit the ball and is now a base runner; therefore, he has legally completed his time at bat. Choices b and c both describe situations in which a strike is called, but they do not state that the batter has been put out or that he is now a base runner. Choice d describes a situation in which the batter, Mario, is still at the plate waiting for the next pitch.