Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random



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Instruction:

  • This is a FREE online test. DO NOT pay money to anyone to attend this test.
  • Total number of questions : 20.
  • Time alloted : 30 minutes.
  • Each question carry 1 mark, no negative marks.
  • DO NOT refresh the page.
  • All the best :-).


Direction (for Q.No. 1):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

1.

Statement: Lack of coordination between the University, its colleges and various authorities has resulted in students ousted from one college seeking migration to another.

Courses of Action:

  1. If a student is ousted from a college, the information should be sent to all the other colleges of the University
  2. The admissions to all the colleges of the University should be handled by the University directly.
  3. A separate section should be made for taking strict action against students indulging in anti-social activities.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Only III follows
D.
Only I and III follow
E.
Only II and III follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, the issue is not so big as to allot all powers of admissions to colleges, to the University only. So, II does not follow. The problem can be solved by circulating the information of the ousted students to all the colleges so as to ensure that such students do not get admission elsewhere also. This might prove useful in rectifying such students. So, I follows while III does not.

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Direction (for Q.No. 2):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

2.

Statement: Does India need so many plans for development?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. Nothing can be achieved without proper planning.
  2. No. Too much time, money and energy is wasted on planning.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Before indulging in new development programme it is much necessary to plan the exact target, policies and their implementation and the allocation of funds which shows the right direction to work. So, argument I holds strong. Also, planning ensures full utilization of available resources and funds and stepwise approach towards the target. So, spending a part of money on it is no wastage. Thus, argument II is not valid.

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Direction (for Q.No. 3):

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

3.

Statements:

  1. India has surpassed the value of tea exports this year over all the earlier years due to an increase in demand for quality tea in the European market.
  2. There is an increase in demand of coffee in the domestic market during the last two years.

A.
Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B.
Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C.
Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D.
Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E.
Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The two statements discuss two separate statistical and generalised results.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 4 - 5):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

4.

Statements: The Government of country X has recently announced several concessions and offered attractive package tours for foreign visitors.

Conclusions:

  1. Now, more number of foreign tourists will visit the country.
  2. The Government of country X seems to be serious in attracting tourists.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, the government has taken the step to attract more tourists. So, both I and II follow.

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5.

Statements: About 50 per cent of the animal by-products - hair, skin, horns etc. is edible protein. American chemists have developed a method of isolating 45 per cent of this protein. They used an enzyme developed in Japan to break down soya protein.

Conclusions:

  1. Americans have not been able to develop enzymes.
  2. Animal by-products protein has the same composition as soya protein.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

That the American chemists used an enzyme developed in Japan, does not mean that Americans have not been able to develop enzymes. So, I does not follow. Also, nothing about the compositions of animal by products protein and soya protein is mentioned in the statement. So, II also does not follow.

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Direction (for Q.No. 6):
Choose the statement that is best supported by the information given in the question passage.
6.

In the 1966 Supreme Court decision Miranda v. Arizona, the court held that before the police can obtain statements from a person subjected to an interrogation, the person must be given a Miranda warning. This warning means that a person must be told that he or she has the right to remain silent during the police interrogation. Violation of this right means that any statement that the person makes is not admissible in a court hearing.
This paragraph best supports the statement that

A.
police who do not warn persons of their Miranda rights are guilty of a crime.
B.
a Miranda warning must be given before a police interrogation can begin.
C.
the police may no longer interrogate persons suspected of a crime unless a lawyer is present.
D.
the 1966 Supreme Court decision in Miranda should be reversed
E.
persons who are interrogated by police should always remain silent until their lawyer comes

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

This answer is clearly supported in the second sentence. Nothing in the paragraph suggests that it is a crime not to give a Miranda warning, so choice a is incorrect. Choice c is also wrong because police may interrogate as long as a warning is given. There is no support given for either choice d or e.

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Direction (for Q.No. 7):
In these series, you will be looking at both the letter pattern and the number pattern. Fill the blank in the middle of the series or end of the series.
7.

FAG, GAF, HAI, IAH, ____

A.
JAK
B.
HAL
C.
HAK
D.
JAI

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The middle letters are static, so concentrate on the first and third letters. The series involves an alphabetical order with a reversal of the letters. The first letters are in alphabetical order: F, G, H, I , J. The second and fourth segments are reversals of the first and third segments. The missing segment begins with a new letter.

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Direction (for Q.No. 8):
Choose the picture that would go in the empty box so that the two bottom pictures are related in the same way as the top two are related.
8.

A.
1
B.
2
C.
3
D.
4

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Dishes are to kitchen sink as car is to hose. Dishes are cleaned in the sink; the car is cleaned with the hose.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 9 - 11):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

9.

Statement: Should India support all the international policies of United States of America?

Arguments:

  1. No. Many other powerful countries do not support the same.
  2. Yes. This is the only way to gain access to USA developmental funds.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Our country cannot support USA's policies blindly without analysis, just to gain monetary help. Also, we should not withdraw our support without considering the policies, just because some other nations have done so. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

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10.

Statement: Should the council of ministers once appointed be kept the same for the entire period intervening two elections?

Arguments:

  1. No. Shuffling of ministers and portfolios is a healthy democratic process.
  2. Yes. The ministers do not get a hold on their portfolio unless they are kept for a longer duration.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Shuffling of Cabinet ministers is just not a regular process, but a step to ensure proper working and implementation of schemes and avoid corruption. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

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11.

Statement: Should the railways immediately stop issuing free passes to all its employees?

Arguments:

  1. No. The employees have the right to travel free.
  2. Yes. This will help railways to provide better facility.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The free passes given to railway employees is a privilege for them, not their right. So, argument I does not hold. Argument II seems to be vague.

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Direction (for Q.No. 12):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

12.

Statement: "Apply nets on windows to prevent the entrance of mosquitoes in the house."

Assumptions:

  1. The entering of mosquitoes from entrances other than windows is desirable.
  2. Nets are not available to apply on doors.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement talks of a way to keep mosquitoes away. This means that entry of mosquitoes in the house is not desirable. So, I is not implicit. Besides, the statement advises using nets on windows. So, nothing about the use of nets on doors, can be deduced. Thus, II is also not implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 13):

Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions:

Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand, Mile City, New Town, Olliopolis, and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mountains, the forest, the coast, the desert, and in a valley. The rainfall amounts were: 12 inches, 27 inches, 32 inches, 44 inches, and 65 inches.

* The city in the desert got the least rain; the city in the forest got the most rain.
* New Town is in the mountains.
* Last Stand got more rain than Olliopolis.
* Mile City got more rain than Polberg, but less rain than New Town.
* Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain.
* The city in the mountains got 32 inches of rain; the city on the coast got 27 inches of rain.
13.

Which city got the most rain?

A.
Last Stand
B.
Mile City
C.
New Town
D.
Olliopolis
E.
Polberg

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain. Last Stand got more rain than that, so it got 65 inches, which is the most.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 14 - 15):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

14.

Statement: If Rajan has finished reading the instructions, then let him begin the activities accordingly.

Assumptions:

  1. Rajan would understand the instructions.
  2. Rajan is capable of performing the activities.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

According to the statement, Rajan can begin the activities according to the instructions. So, both I and II are implicit.

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15.

Statement: The taste of food contributes to the intake of nourishment which is essential for the survival of human beings.

Assumptions:

  1. Human beings take food for the enjoyment of its taste.
  2. Human beings experience the taste of food.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

It is mentioned that nourishment is essential for survival. So, this is the basic cause of intake of food. Hence, I is not implicit. Since taste of food affects the intake of nourishment, it means that human beings are affected by taste. So, II is implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 16):
Remember, you are looking for the word that does NOT belong in the same group as the others. Sometimes, all four words seem to fit in the same group. If so, look more closely to further narrow your classification.
16.

Which word does NOT belong with the others?

A.
acute
B.
right
C.
obtuse
D.
parallel

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Acute, right, and obtuse are geometric terms describing particular angles. Parallel refers to two lines that never intersect.

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Direction (for Q.No. 17):
Translate from an imaginary language into English. Then, look for the word elements that appear both on the list and in the answer choices.
17.

Here are some words translated from an artificial language.
krekinblaf means workforce
dritakrekin means groundwork
krekinalti means workplace
Which word could mean "someplace"?

A.
moropalti
B.
krekindrita
C.
altiblaf
D.
dritaalti

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Krekin means work; blaf means force; drita means ground; and alti means place. Drita means ground, so that rules out choices b and d. Choice c isn't correct because blaf means force. That leaves choice a as the only possible answer.

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Direction (for Q.No. 18):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

18.

Statement: Three persons were caught with huge arms and ammunition in the city.

Courses of Action:

  1. Police should be instructed for night patrolling.
  2. The three persons should be set free and their movements should be carefully watched to nab the other criminals.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The police should at once be made cautious and put on high alert to prevent any untoward incident. Also, once caught, such criminals ought not to be released. They can be interrogated to detect other criminals. So, only I follows.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 19 - 20):

In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

19.

Statements: Some books are pens. No pen is pencil.

Conclusions:

  1. Some books are pencils.
  2. No book is pencil.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

As discussed above, the conclusion must be particular negative and should not contain the middle term. So, it follows that 'Some books are not pencils'. However, I and II involve only the extreme terms and form a complementary pair. Thus, either I or II follows.

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20.

Statements: All huts are mansions. All mansions are temples.

Conclusions:

  1. Some temples are huts.
  2. Some temples are mansions.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

As discussed above, it follows that 'All huts are temples'. I is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds. II is the converse of the second premise and so it also holds.

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