Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random



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Instruction:

  • This is a FREE online test. DO NOT pay money to anyone to attend this test.
  • Total number of questions : 20.
  • Time alloted : 30 minutes.
  • Each question carry 1 mark, no negative marks.
  • DO NOT refresh the page.
  • All the best :-).


Direction (for Q.No. 1):

Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions:

Some groups want to outlaw burning the flag. They say that people have fought and died for the flag and that citizens of the United States ought to respect that. But I say that respect cannot be leg-islated. Also, most citizens who have served in the military did not fight for the flag, they fought for what the flag represents. Among the things the flag represents is freedom of speech, which includes, I believe, the right for a citizen to express displeasure with the government by burning the flag in protest.

1.

Which of the following, if true, would weaken the speaker's argument?

A.
An action is not considered a part of freedom of speech.
B.
People who burn the flag usually commit other crimes as well.
C.
The flag was not recognized by the government until 1812.
D.
State flags are almost never burned
E.
Most people are against flag burning.

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

If an action is not included under freedom of speech, the speaker's main argument is incorrect.

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Direction (for Q.No. 2):
Find the statement that must be true according to the given information.
2.

Ten new television shows appeared during the month of September. Five of the shows were sitcoms, three were hour-long dramas, and two were news-magazine shows. By January, only seven of these new shows were still on the air. Five of the shows that remained were sitcoms.

A.
Only one of the news-magazine shows remained on the air.
B.
Only one of the hour-long dramas remained on the air.
C.
At least one of the shows that was cancelled was an hour-long drama.
D.
Television viewers prefer sitcoms over hour-long dramas.

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

If there were seven shows left and five were sitcoms, this means that only two of the shows could possibly be dramas. Choices a and b may be true, but there is no evidence to indicate this as fact. The fact that all of the sitcoms remained does not necessarily mean that viewers prefer sitcoms (choice d).

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Direction (for Q.No. 3):
Every one of the following questions consists of a related pair of words, followed by five pairs of words. Choose the pair that best represents a similar relationship to the one expressed in the original pair of words.
3.

WAITRESS : RESTAURANT

A.
doctor : diagnosis
B.
actor : role
C.
driver : truck
D.
teacher : school
E.
author : book

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

A waitress works in a restaurant; a teacher works in a school.

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Direction (for Q.No. 4):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

4.

Statement: The Principal instructed all the teachers to be careful in class because some students may disturb other students.

Assumptions:

  1. The teachers will handle the situation properly and they will point out the naughty students.
  2. The students will welcome the decision of the Principal.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, teachers have been instructed to maintain discipline in the class and point out the naughty students who do not let other students study. So, I is implicit. Besides, the implementation of the instructions would surely help good students to concentrate on their studies and ensure a good working atmosphere in the class. So, II is also implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 5):
Choose the pair that best represents a similar relationship to the one expressed in the original pair of words.
5.

VERVE : ENTHUSIASM

A.
loyalty : duplicity
B.
devotion : reverence
C.
intensity : color
D.
eminence : anonymity
E.
generosity : elation

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Verve and enthusiasm are synonyms; devotion and reverence are synonyms.

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Direction (for Q.No. 6):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

6.

Statement: An advertisement: Now you can own a new car in just Rs. 1,999 per month.

Assumptions:

  1. People aspire for owning a car.
  2. People do not want to buy used cars.
  3. Most people can afford to pay Rs. 1,999 per month for a new car.

A.
Only I and II are implicit
B.
Only II and III are implicit
C.
Only I and III are implicit
D.
All are implicit
E.
None of these

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The advertisement has been given seeing the demand for cars. So, I is implicit. The advertisement stresses on 'owning a new car'. This implies that people would prefer to buy a new car rather than a used one, provided it suits their budget. So, II is implicit. The words 'just Rs. 1,999 per month' in the statement make III implicit.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 7 - 8):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

7.

Statement: Should there be more than one High Court in each state in India?

Arguments:

  1. No. This will be a sheer wastage of taxpayers' money.
  2. Yes. This will help reduce the backlog of cases pending for a very long time.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, an increase in the number of High Courts will surely speed up the work and help to do away with the pending cases. So, argument II holds strong. In light of this, the expenditure incurred would be 'utilization', not 'wastage' of money. So, argument I does not hold.

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8.

Statement: Should girls learn arts like judo and karate?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. It will enable them to defend themselves from rogues and ruffians.
  2. No. They will lose their feminine grace.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Learning martial arts is necessary for girls for self-defence. So, argument I holds. However, argument II is vague since a training in these arts has nothing to do with their feminine grace.

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Direction (for Q.No. 9):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

9.

Statement: A large number of students are reported to be dropping out of school in villages as their parents want their children to help them in farms.

Courses of Action:

  1. The government should immediately launch a programme to create awareness among the farmers about the value of education.
  2. The government should offer incentives to those farmers whose children remain in schools.
  3. Education should be made compulsory for all children up to the age of 14 and their employment banned.

A.
Only I and II follow
B.
Only II and III follow
C.
Only I and III follow
D.
All follow
E.
None of these

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Literacy at basic level is the utmost need to prepare good future citizens. So, all children need to be educated. This can be achieved by creating awareness, providing incentives, enforcing education and banning employment of children. Thus, all the three courses follow.

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Direction (for Q.No. 10):

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

10.

Statements:

  1. It is the aim of the city's civic authority to get the air pollution reduced by 20% in the next two months.
  2. The number of asthma cases in the city is constantly increasing.

A.
Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B.
Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C.
Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D.
Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E.
Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The increase in number of asthma cases must have alerted the authorities to take action to control air pollution that triggers the disease.

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Direction (for Q.No. 11):
Each question presents a situation and asks you to make a judgment regarding that particular circumstance. Choose an answer based on given information.
11.

Dr. Miller has a busy pediatric dentistry practice and she needs a skilled, reliable hygienist to keep things running smoothly. The last two people she hired were recommended by top dentists in the area, but they each lasted less than one month. She is now in desperate need of a hygienist who can competently handle the specific challenges of her practice. Which one of the following candidates should Dr. Miller consider most seriously?

A.
Marilyn has been a hygienist for fifteen years, and her current employer, who is about to retire, says she is the best in the business. The clientele she has worked with consists of some of the wealthiest and most powerful citizens in the county.
B.
Lindy recently graduated at the top of her class from one of the best dental hygiene programs in the state. Prior to becoming a dental hygienist, Lindy spent two years working in a day care center.
C.
James has worked as a dental hygienist for three years in a public health clinic. He is very interested in securing a position in a private dental office.
D.
Kathy is an experienced and highly recommended dental hygienist who is also finishing up a degree in early childhood education, which she hopes will get her a job as a preschool teacher. She is eager to find a job in a pediatric practice, since she has always wanted to work with children.

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The situation described indicates that Dr. Miller's practice presents some specific challenges, namely that it is a busy environment with a child clientele. There is also some indication that even highly recommended, experienced hygienists might not be cut out for Dr. Miller's office. There is nothing to suggest that Marilyn (choice a) or James (choice c) would be a good fit for Dr.Miller's practice. Kathy (choice d) has experience and she is also interested in working with children. However, the fact that she hopes to become a preschool teacher in the not-too-distant future indicates that she might not be the kind of committed, long-term employee that Dr. Miller needs. Lindy (choice b), with her hands-on experience working with children as well as a degree from a prestigious dental hygiene program, is the most attractive candidate for the position based on the situation described

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Direction (for Q.No. 12):
Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word.
12.

desert

A.
cactus
B.
arid
C.
oasis
D.
flat

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

A desert is an arid tract of land. Not all deserts are flat (choice d). Not all deserts have cacti or oases (choices a and c).

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Direction (for Q.No. 13):

In each of the following questions, a statement/group of statements is given followed by some conclusions. Without resolving anything yourself choose the conclusion which logically follows from the given statements).

13.

Soldiers serve their country.

A.
Men generally serve their country.
B.
Those who serve their country are soldiers.
C.
Some men who are soldiers serve their country.
D.
Women do not serve their country because they are not soldiers.

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 14 - 15):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

14.

Statement: "The function will start at 3 P.M. You are requested to take your seats before 3 P.M." - Last sentence in an invitation card.

Assumptions:

  1. If the invitee is not in his seat before 3 P.M., the function will not start.
  2. Function will start as scheduled.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

It is mentioned that the function will start at 3 RM. and not that the invitees will be waited for. So, I is not implicit and only II is implicit.

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15.

Statement: The two countries have signed a fragile pact, but the vital sovereignty issue remains unresolved.

Assumptions:

  1. The two countries cannot have permanent peace pact.
  2. The two countries may become hostile again after a short spell of time.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

From the fact that the present pact is not a lasting one, the possibility of a permanent pact cannot be ruled out. So, I is not implicit. The statement mentions that the present pact is a 'fragile' one and the vital sovereignty issue still remains unresolved. So the same issue may rise again in the future. Thus, II is implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 16):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.

16.

Statement: Should children be prevented completely from watching television?

Arguments:

  1. No. We get vital information regarding education through television.
  2. Yes. It hampers the study of children.
  3. Yes. Young children are misguided by certain programmes featuring sex and violence.
  4. No. This is the only way to educate the masses.

A.
Only I, II and III are strong
B.
Only I is strong
C.
Only I, II and IV are strong
D.
Only I and II are strong
E.
Only I, III and IV are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, television offers various educational programmes which are of great practical value to the students. So, it serves as a means (but it is not the 'only' means) to educate the masses. Thus, I holds strong while IV does not. Besides, the demerits of watching television, mentioned in II and III, may be done away with by allowing children to watch selected programmes on television, according to a set schedule. So, neither II nor III holds strong.

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Direction (for Q.No. 17):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

17.

Statement: Due to substantial reduction in fares by different airline services, large number of passengers so far travelling by upper classes in trains have switched over to airline services.

Courses of Action:

  1. The railways should immediately reduce the fare structure of the upper classes substantially to retain its passengers.
  2. The railways should reduce the capacity of upper classes in all the trains to avoid loss.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Airlines, being convenient and faster means of transport, people would surely prefer it to the railways if there is a marginal difference between the fares. Hence, a considerable gap between the two fares is a must for the railways. So, course I follows. Following course II would reduce the volume of passengers. Hence, II does not follow.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 18 - 19):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

18.

Statement: Should there be a world government?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. It will help in eliminating tensions among the nations.
  2. No. Then, only the developed countries will dominate in the government.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, a world government cannot eliminate tensions among nations because it will also have the ruling group and the opposition group. Further, the more powerful and diplomatic shall rule the world to their interests. So, only argument II holds.

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19.

Statement: Should children be legally made responsible to take care of their parents during their old age?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. Such matter can only be solved by legal means.
  2. Yes. Only this will bring some relief to poor parents.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Taking care of the parents is a moral duty of the children and cannot be thrust upon them legally, nor such a compulsion can ensure good care of the old people. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

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Direction (for Q.No. 20):
In these series, you will be looking at both the letter pattern and the number pattern. Fill the blank in the middle of the series or end of the series.
20.

JAK, KBL, LCM, MDN, _____

A.
OEP
B.
NEO
C.
MEN
D.
PFQ

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

This is an alternating series in alphabetical order. The middle letters follow the order ABCDE. The first and third letters are alphabetical beginning with J. The third letter is repeated as a first letter in each subsequent three-letter segment.

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