Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random

Instruction:

  • This is a FREE online test. Beware of scammers who ask for money to attend this test.
  • Total number of questions: 20.
  • Time allotted: 30 minutes.
  • Each question carries 1 mark; there are no negative marks.
  • DO NOT refresh the page.
  • All the best!

Marks : 2/20


Total number of questions
20
Number of answered questions
0
Number of unanswered questions
20
Test Review : View answers and explanation for this test.

Direction (Q.No. 1)
In these series, you will be looking at both the letter pattern and the number pattern. Fill the blank in the middle of the series or end of the series.
1.
P5QR, P4QS, P3QT, _____, P1QV
PQW
PQV2
P2QU
PQ3U
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
The first two letters, PQ, are static. The third letter is in alphabetical order, beginning with R. The number series is in descending order beginning with 5.

Direction (Q.No. 2)
Choose the picture that would go in the empty box so that the two bottom pictures are related in the same way as the top two are related.
2.
1
2
3
4
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Toothbrush is to toothpaste as butter knife is to butter. This relationship shows function. The toothbrush is used to apply the toothpaste to teeth; the knife is used to apply butter to bread.

Direction (Q.No. 3)
The words in the bottom row are related in the same way as the words in the top row. For each item, find the word that completes the bottom row of words.
3.
palette easel brush
textbook lesson plan ?
artist
teacher
report card
paint
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
The objects above the line are all things used by an artist. The objects below the line are all things used by a teacher.

Direction (Q.No. 4)
Choose the pair that best represents a similar relationship to the one expressed in the original pair of words.
4.
DELTOID : MUSCLE
radius : bone
brain : nerve
tissue : organ
blood : vein
scalpel : incision
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
The deltoid is a muscle; the radius is a bone.

Direction (Q.No. 5)
Each question presents a situation and asks you to make a judgment regarding that particular circumstance. Choose an answer based on given information.
5.
Rita, an accomplished pastry chef who is well known for her artistic and exquisite wedding cakes, opened a bakery one year ago and is surprised that business has been so slow. A consultant she hired to conduct market research has reported that the local population doesn't think of her shop as one they would visit on a daily basis but rather a place they'd visit if they were celebrating a special occasion. Which of the following strategies should Rita employ to increase her daily business?
making coupons available that entitle the coupon holder to receive a 25% discount on wedding, anniversary, or birthday cakes
exhibiting at the next Bridal Expo and having pieces of one of her wedding cakes available for tasting
placing a series of ads in the local newspaper that advertise the wide array of breads
moving the bakery to the other side of town
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
This is the only option that would encourage people to think of the bakery as a shop they would visit regularly and not just on special occasions.

Direction (Q.Nos. 6 - 7)
Read the question carefully and choose the correct answer.
6.
Nurse Kemp has worked more night shifts in a row than Nurse Rogers, who has worked five. Nurse Miller has worked fifteen night shifts in a row, more than Nurses Kemp and Rogers combined. Nurse Calvin has worked eight night shifts in a row, less than Nurse Kemp. How many night shifts in a row has Nurse Kemp worked?
eight
nine
ten
eleven
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Nurse Kemp has worked more shifts in a row than Nurse Calvin; therefore, Kemp has worked more than eight shifts. The number of Kemp's shifts plus the number of Rogers's shifts (five) cannot equal fifteen or more, the number of Miller's shifts. Therefore, Kemp has worked nine shifts in a row (5 + 9 = 14).

7.
Children are in pursuit of a dog whose leash has broken. James is directly behind the dog. Ruby is behind James. Rachel is behind Ruby. Max is ahead of the dog walking down the street in the opposite direction. As the children and dog pass, Max turns around and joins the pursuit. He runs in behind Ruby. James runs faster and is alongside the dog on the left. Ruby runs faster and is alongside the dog on the right. Which child is directly behind the dog?
James
Ruby
Rachel
Max
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
After all the switches were made,Max is directly behind the dog, James is alongside the dog on the left, Ruby is alongside the dog on the right, and Rachel is behind Max.

Direction (Q.Nos. 8 - 9)
Read the paragraph carefully and determine the main point the author is trying to make. What conclusion can be drawn from the argument? Each paragraph is followed by five statements.One statement supports the author's argument better than the others do.
8.
In the past, consumers would rarely walk into an ice cream store and order low-fat ice cream. But that isn't the case today. An increasing health consciousness combined with a much bigger selection of tasty low-fat foods in all categories has made low-fat ice cream a very profitable item for ice cream store owners.
This paragraph best supports the statement that
low-fat ice cream produces more revenue than other low-fat foods.
ice cream store owners would be better off carrying only low-fat ice cream.
ice cream store owners no longer think that low-fat ice cream is an unpopular item.
low-fat ice cream is more popular than other kinds of ice cream.
consumers are fickle and it is impossible to please them
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
This choice is supported as the best answer because the paragraph indicates that low-fat ice cream was once an unpopular item, but now, because consumers are more health conscious and because there is a wider array of tasty low-fat foods, low-fat ice cream is a profitable item for ice cream store owners. There is no indication that choices a, b, d,or e are true based on the information given.

9.
One of the warmest winters on record has put consumers in the mood to spend money. Spending is likely to be the strongest in thirteen years. During the month of February, sales of existing single-family homes hit an annual record rate of 4.75 million.
This paragraph best supports the statement that
consumer spending will be higher thirteen years from now than it is today.
more people buy houses in the month of February than in any other month.
during the winter months, the prices of single-family homes are the lowest.
there were about 4 million homes for sale during the month of February.
warm winter weather is likely to affect the rate of home sales.
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
This is clearly the best answer because the paragraph directly states that warm weather affects consumers inclination to spend. It furthers states that the sales of single-family homes was at an all-time high. There is no support for choice a or c. Choice b is wrong because even though there were high sales for a particular February, this does not mean that sales are not higher in other months. Choice d presents a misleading figure of 4 million. The paragraph states that the record of 4.75 million was at an annual, not a monthly, rate.

Direction (Q.Nos. 10 - 11)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

10.

Statements: America's defence secretary reiterated that they would continue to supply arms to Pakistan.

Conclusions:

  1. Pakistan is incapable of manufacturing arms.
  2. It would ensure peace in the region.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Pakistan's ability to manufacture arms is not being talked about in the statement. So, I does not follow. The fact in II cannot be deduced from the given statement. So, II also does not follow.

11.

Statements: A man must be wise to be a good wrangler. Good wranglers are talkative and boring.

Conclusions:

  1. All the wise persons are boring.
  2. All the wise persons are good wranglers.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
According to the statement, good wranglers are wise men. But it doesn't mean that all wise men are good wranglers. So, neither I nor II follows.

Direction (Q.No. 12)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

12.

Statement: The company has the right to reject any application form without furnishing any reason while sorting the list of candidates for interview - A condition mentioned in the employment notice.

Assumptions:

  1. It is desirable to call only eligible candidates for interview.
  2. The company believes in following impartial practice in all its functions.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
. Since the statement talks of the company short-listing the candidates to be called for interview, so I is implicit. However, nothing can be deduced about whether the company would make a partial or fair selection of candidates. So, II is not implicit.

Direction (Q.No. 13)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

13.

Statement: In view of the violent situation due to students' agitation the state government has decided to close down all the educational institutions in the state for two weeks with immediate effect.

Assumptions:

  1. The students' agitation may subside after two weeks.
  2. The students may not find a place to come further and continue agitation after the closure of the educational institutions.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, in such situations, closure is followed so as to prevent any untoward incident and with the hope that the stipulated time of closure is sufficient to settle the agitation by mutual talks or by adopting pressure tactics, as the agitators have no grounds to vent their anger due to closure of institutions. So, both I and II are implicit.

Direction (Q.Nos. 14 - 15)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

14.

Statement: There have been many instances of derailment of trains due to landslide in the hilly areas which caused loss of many lives.

Courses of Action:

  1. The railway authority should arrange to deploy pilot engines before the movement of passenger trains in the hilly areas to alert the trains in case of any landslide.
  2. The railway authority should strengthen the hill slopes by putting iron meshes so that the loose boulders do not fall on the track.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, either something should be done to alert the trains well in advance in case of a landslide or some means should be adopted to prevent blockage of tracks during landslides. Thus, either I or II follows.

15.

Statement: The alert villagers caught a group of dreaded dacoits armed with murderous weapons.

Courses of Action:

  1. The villagers should be provided sophisticated weapons.
  2. The villagers should be rewarded for their courage and unity.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, I is not practically viable. However, villagers should be rewarded for their courage, to keep up their spirits in future. Thus, II follows.

Direction (Q.No. 16)

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

16.

Statement: Should the tuition fees in all post-graduate courses be hiked considerably?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. This will bring in some sense of seriousness among the students and will improve the quality.
  2. No. This will force the meritorious poor students to stay away from post-graduate courses.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
A hike in fees is no means to make the students more serious in studies. So, argument I is vague. However, with the increase in fees, poor meritorious students would not be able to afford post-graduate studies. So, argument II holds.

Direction (Q.Nos. 17 - 18)

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

17.

Statement: There is an unprecedented increase in the production of wheat this kharif season in most parts of the country.

Courses of Action:

  1. The government should immediately lower down the procurement price of wheat.
  2. The farmers should be asked to store the excess produces with themselves to be used for future.
  3. The government should make its best efforts to export wheat to augment its presence in international market.

Only I and II follow
Only II and III follow
Only I and III follow
All follow
None of these
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, both steps I and II are not commercially viable for the farmers. So, none of them follows. The only solution lies in the government attempting to export the excess produce of wheat. Thus, only III follows.

18.

Statement: A train derailed near a station while moving over a bridge and fell into a river, resulting in the death of 65 people.

Courses of Action:

  1. The Railway Authorities should clarify the reason of the accident to the Government.
  2. The Government should allocate funds to compensate the destruction caused.
  3. The protection walls of the bridge should be made strong enough to avoid such accidents.

Only I and II follow
Only II and III follow
Only III follows
All follow
None of these
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
What is necessary is the preventive measures to protect the passengers, steps to avoid re-occurrence of such events and pay the sufferers adequate compensation. So, only course III follows.

Direction (Q.No. 19)

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

19.

Statement: The address of the Principal to the students, "Dear students, if you want a healthy mind, listen to music."

Assumptions:

  1. Normally students like to follow good advice.
  2. It is desirable to develop a healthy mind.
  3. It is the duty of the Principal to advise the students.

Only I and II are implicit
Only II and III are implicit
Only I and III are implicit
None is implicit
None of these
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:
The Principal has advised the students regarding their welfare. This implies that students like to follow good advice. So, I is implicit. Since the Principal stresses on having 'a healthy mind', it implies that students desire for the same. So, II is implicit. However, the Principal has given the advice out of deep concern for his students and not because it is his duty. So, III is not implicit.

Direction (Q.No. 20)

In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III, You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

20.

Statements: Some rats are cats. Some cats are dogs. No dog is cow.

Conclusions:

  1. No cow is cat.
  2. No dog is rat.
  3. Some cats are rats.

None follows
Only I and II follow
Only II and III follow
Only III follows
All I, II and III follow
Your Answer: Option
(Not Answered)
Correct Answer: Option
Explanation:

III is the converse of the first premise and so it holds.

Some rats are cats. Some cats are dogs.

Since both the premises are particular, no definite conclusion follows.

Some cats are dogs. No dog is cow.

Since one premise is particular and the other negative, the conclusion must be particular negative (O-type) and should not contain the middle term. So, it follows that 'Some cats are not cows'.


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