Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

21. 

Statement: Tender specification will not be issued to the firms where there is 25% or more default in supplies against earlier purchase orders placed on them' - Condition of a Company X inviting tenders for the purchase of material.

Assumptions:

  1. The Company X will be watching the quality of performance of its suppliers.
  2. This time the firms should keep the percentage of default as less as possible.
  3. The Company X expects quality and professional approach from its suppliers.

A. Only I is implicit
B. Only II is implicit
C. Either II or III is implicit
D. Only III is implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Since Company X intends to invite tenders only from those companies which have not been defaulters earlier, so both I and III are implicit. Besides, to have long term business relations with Company X, every firm needs to perform well in its supplies. So, II is also implicit.

22. 

Statement: Items in big showrooms in main markets are costlier than similar items in small shops.

Assumptions:

  1. Items in small shops are never reliable.
  2. Persons managing big showrooms are cheats.
  3. Maintenance of big showrooms is an expensive affair in itself; hence the prices are a little higher.

A. None is implicit
B. Only I is implicit
C. Only II is implicit
D. Only III is implicit
E. Either II or III is implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, only III defines the correct essence of the statement and hence is implicit.

23. 

Statement: India's economic growth has come at a terrible price of increased industrial and vehicular pollution.

Assumptions:

  1. Pollution is a part of industrial society.
  2. Indian economic growth is based on only industrial growth.
  3. A country desires economic growth with manageable side effects.

A. Only I is implicit
B. Only II is implicit
C. Only III is implicit
D. Only I and III are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement mentions that India had to pay the price of increased pollution level to earn its economic growth. So, both I and III are implicit. However, this does not imply that only industrial growth has brought about India's economic growth. So, II is not implicit.

24. 

Statement: The Government of India has set up one-stop facilitation counters manned by trained staff for attending to various needs of the foreign tourists at all the international airports.

Assumptions:

  1. There is adequate trained staff available to man these counters in shifts.
  2. The services provided by these counters will help boosting inflow of foreign tourists.
  3. Majority of the foreign tourists need variety of services when they reach India.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only III is implicit
C. Only II and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Since the Government has already set up such counters, it implies that they have adequate staff to handle the same. So, I is implicit. Besides, such counters have been set up to make the foreign tourists feel at home when they visit our country. So, this will surely be an advantage to foreign tourists. This also implies that foreign tourists do need such services. Hence, both II and III are also implicit.

25. 

Statement: "Work hard to be successful in the examinations." - A advises B. Assumptions:

Assumptions:

  1. B listens to As advice.
  2. Passing the examination is desirable.
  3. Hard practice leads to success.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Whether B listens to A's advice or not, is not given in the statement So, I is not implicit. The advice is given on the behaviour that should be followed to pass the examination. This shows the necessity to pass the examination. So, II is implicit Passing the examination is a form of success to be attained by hard practice. So, III is also implicit.