Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

1. 

Statement: "Wanted a two bedroom flat in the court area for immediate possession." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. Flats are available in court area.
  2. Some people will respond to the advertisement.
  3. It is a practice to give such an advertisement.

A. All are implicit
B. Only II is implicit
C. None is implicit
D. Only I and II are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The advertisement depicts only the requirement, not the availability of flats in court area. So, I is not implicit. Such advertisements are given with the expectation of a response which can make such a flat available. So, II is implicit. Assumption III does not follow from the statement and so is not implicit.

2. 

Statement: This book is so prepared that even a layman can study science in the absence of a teacher.

Assumptions:

  1. A layman wishes to study science without a teacher.
  2. A teacher may not always be available to teach science.
  3. A layman generally finds it difficult to learn science on its own.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, the statement is made to impress the usefulness of the book. It does not mention the desire of a layman. So, I is not implicit. Also, the book is intended to guide one when a teacher is not available. So, both II and III are implicit.

3. 

Statement: "We do not want you to see our product on newspaper, visit our shop to get a full view." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. People generally decide to purchase any product after seeing the name in the advertisement.
  2. Uncommon appeal may attract the customers.
  3. People may come to see the product.

A. None is implicit
B. Only I and II are implicit
C. Only II and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

It can be inferred from the statement that people also like to see a product before buying. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statement is just an attempt to arouse the people to come and see the shop. So, both II and III are implicit.

4. 

Statement: There is big boom in drug business and a number of jhuggi-jhopari dwellers in Delhi can be seen pedalling with small pouches of smack and brown sugar.

Assumptions:

  1. Drug addiction is increasing in the country, specially in the capital.
  2. All the big dons involved in the smuggling of drugs live in jhuggi-jhopari areas.
  3. Most of the jhuggi-jhopari dwellers would do anything for money.

A. Only I is implicit
B. Only II is implicit
C. Only III is implicit
D. Only I and III are implicit
E. Either I or III is implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement talks of boom in drug business and cites examples from the capital city. This makes I implicit. Further, it is given that most jhuggi-jhopari dwellers are seen to indulge in transactions of drug pouches. This implies that they give in to their lust for money quite easily and do not hesitate to get involved in illegal activities for the same. So, III is implicit while II is not.

5. 

Statement: "X-chocolate is ideal as a gift for someone you love." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. People generally give gifts to loved ones.
  2. Such advertisements generally influence people.
  3. Chocolate can be considered as a gift item.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, all the three directly follow from the given statement.