Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

Exercise : Statement and Assumption - Section 5
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

31.

Statement: The simplest and the most cost-effective way to upgrade your home Exchange your old furniture and get 25% to 33% off on the new furniture.' - An advertisement of a furniture company.

Assumptions:

1. Nowadays, there is no demand for furniture products unless some attractive scheme is offered.
2. Some customers always desire to have best quality and do not bother either for cost or for convenience.
3. Some customers want to keep their home up-to-date with reasonable cost and with less hassles.

Only I is implicit
Only II is implicit
Only III is implicit
Only I and II are implicit
None of these
Explanation:
The advertisement has put forward an exchange offer does not imply that there is no demand for furniture products without an offer. So, I is not implicit. Since the advertisement highlights both 'simplest' and 'cost-effective', so II is not implicit. Further, the advertisement mentions that people can buy new furniture at discounted price without the hassles of disposing off the old one. Hence, only III is implicit.

32.

Assumptions:

2. Nobody loves reading any other material.
3. All are literate.

None is implicit
Only I and II are implicit
All are implicit
Only II and III are implicit
None of these
Explanation:
The statement mentions that adventure stories are liked by everybody. This does not mean that there is no other reading material or nobody loves reading any other material. So, neither I nor II is implicit. Besides, 'everybody' in the statement stands for 'all literate people' and not for 'all people'. So, III is also not implicit.

33.

Statement: Delink degrees with jobs. Then, boys will think twice before joining colleges.

Assumptions:

1. Boys join college education for getting jobs.
2. A degree is of no use for getting a job.
3. Girls do not try for jobs.

Only I is implicit
Only I and II are implicit
Only II and III are implicit
Only I and III are implicit
All are implicit
Explanation:
The statement mentions that if the degrees have no connection with jobs, boys will consider and reconsider whether they should join college. So, I is implicit. In the present system, degrees are not delinked with jobs. This means that job is not available without degrees. So, II is not implicit. Nothing about the girls is mentioned in the statement. So, III is also not implicit.

34.

Statement: In spite of the heavy rains the traffic has not been disrupted this year.

Assumptions:

1. The traffic is disrupted in rainy seasons only.
2. Rains do not affect traffic movement.
3. Adequate precautions were taken for traffic management during rainy season.

Only I is implicit
Only I and II are implicit
Only III is implicit
Only II and III are implicit
None is implicit
Explanation:
The statement expresses surprise at the traffic situation remaining normal even after rains. This means that rains affect traffic. So, II is not implicit. But this does not mean that only rains affect traffic. So, I is also not implicit. Since the traffic was not affected during rains as expected, so III is implicit.

35.

Statement: The company has decided to increase the price of all its products to tackle the precarious financial position.

Assumptions:

1. The company may be able to wipe out the entire losses incurred earlier by this decision.
2. The buyers may continue to buy its products even after the increase.
3. The company has adequate resources to continue production for few more months.

Only I and III are implicit
Only II is implicit
Only II and III are implicit
None is implicit
None of these