Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

26. 

Statement: "Join X-tuition classes for sure success. Excellent teaching by excellent teachers is our strength." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. Sure success is desirable.
  2. Students expect sure success when they join any tuition class.
  3. Just having excellent teachers does not ensure success.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. Only II is implicit
E. All are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The advertisement seeks to attract the students by promising them sure success. So, both I and II are implicit. Assumption III does not follow from the statement and so is not implicit.

27. 

Statement: Wars must be discouraged vehemently even though majority of the victims might have been a nuisance to peace loving people.

Assumptions:

  1. Wars kill majority of wicked people.
  2. Innocent people are also killed in wars.
  3. Vehement opposition to wars may have some desirable impact.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only III is implicit
C. Only III, and either I or II are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement mentions that'.....majority of the victims might have been a nuisance to peace loving people. This implies that majority of the victims are wicked people though some victims are innocent people too. So, both I and II are implicit. Further, the statement advocates vehement opposition of wars. So, III is also implicit.

28. 

Statement: "If you are beautiful, we will catch your beauty. If you are not, we will make you beautiful." - An advertisement of a photo studio.

Assumptions:

  1. How to look beautiful is a problem of youngsters.
  2. A photograph can be beautiful even if a person is not.
  3. People like to be considered beautiful.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only III is implicit
D. Only I and III are implicit
E. All are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, the advertisement is meant for people of all age groups and so assuming a fact only in relation to youngsters is vague. So, I is not implicit. Also, the studio promises to make those people 'beautiful' who are not. This makes II implicit. Further, the advertisement is meant for persons who desire to be beautiful. So, III is implicit.

29. 

Statement: In view of the recent spurt in sugar prices in the open market, the government has asked the dealers to release a vast quantity of imported sugar in the open market.

Assumptions:

  1. The dealers will follow the government directive.
  2. The sugar prices will come down.
  3. The price of indigenous sugar will remain unchanged.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. None is implicit
E. All are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The government's decision is clearly a measure to increase supply and control rates. So, both I and II are implicit, while III is not.

30. 

Statement: During pre-harvest kharif season, the government has decided to release vast quantity of food grains from FCI.

Assumptions:

  1. There may be a shortage of food grains in the market during this season.
  2. The kharif crop may be able to replenish the stock of FCI.
  3. There may be a demand from the farmers to procure kharif crop immediately after harvest.

A. All are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. None is implicit
D. Only I and II are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Assumptions I and II provide the most probable reasons for the step taken by the government. So, both I and II are implicit. Since the foodgrains have been released during pre-harvest kharif season, it is evident that the next kharif crop would replenish the stock. So, III is also implicit.