Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

25. 

Statement: "Work hard to be successful in the examinations." - A advises B. Assumptions:

Assumptions:

  1. B listens to As advice.
  2. Passing the examination is desirable.
  3. Hard practice leads to success.

[A]. Only I and II are implicit
[B]. Only II and III are implicit
[C]. Only I and III are implicit
[D]. All are implicit
[E]. None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Whether B listens to A's advice or not, is not given in the statement So, I is not implicit. The advice is given on the behaviour that should be followed to pass the examination. This shows the necessity to pass the examination. So, II is implicit Passing the examination is a form of success to be attained by hard practice. So, III is also implicit.

Kunal said: (May 3, 2015)  
I think D is correct. B will listen to A's advice, so only B is saying to A.

Aarushi said: (Jun 21, 2016)  
A gives advice to B as B is expected to listen. In all such statements like 'govt has decided', 'A directs B', 'A advises B' etc. Its assumed that the person will listen that is why the advice was given. No doubt its not binding on someone to go by the instructions or advises.

[D] All are implicit.

Sanchit said: (Aug 25, 2016)  
Yes, I also think D is right. B listens to A that's why he is giving the advice, but the explanation says that since it is not given in the statement so it cannot be true but according to me since it is an assumption it doesn't matter whether it's In the statement or not as long as it is logical.

There was another question. In which there was no mentioning of expanding the business but still it was considered. So why there but not here?

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