Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

16. 

Statement: "If you are intelligent, we are the right people for improving your performance." - An advertisement of a coaching institute.

Assumptions:

  1. Brilliant students prefer to join coaching classes.
  2. Coaching classes help the students to improve their performance.
  3. No other institute provides such coaching.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Since the advertisement invites 'Intelligent' students by promising them an improved performance through their exceptional coaching, so both I and II are implicit. However, nothing can be assumed about other institutes as the given advertisement talks of only a particular institute. So, III is not implicit.

17. 

Statement: The Reserve Bank of India has directed the banks to refuse fresh loans to major defaulters.

Assumptions:

  1. The banks may still give loans to the defaulters.
  2. The defaulters may repay the earlier loan to get fresh loan.
  3. The banks may recover the bad loans through such harsh measures.

A. None is implicit
B. Only I and II are implicit
C. All are implicit
D. Only II and III are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Clearly, loans to only major defaulters is being refused. So, the banks may still give loans to some defaulters. Thus, I is implicit. Also, the RBI's decision is a measure to recover the previous loans, since one would have to clear the old debts so as to get a fresh loan. So, both II and III are also implicit.

18. 

Statement: We must be prepared to face any eventuality and all the assignments must be completed as per their schedule - Director tells the Faculty members.

Assumptions:

  1. There is possibility of any serious eventuality.
  2. Dates are fixed for all the assignments.
  3. Faculty members are supposed to complete all the assignments.

A. None is implicit
B. Only I is implicit
C. Duly II and III are implicit
D. Only III is implicit
E. All are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Since the Director talks of being prepared to face any eventuality, so I is implicit. It is mentioned that a schedule for completing the assignments has been drawn up. So, II is implicit. The fact that the statement is directed to all the faculty members makes III implicit.

19. 

Statement: An advertisement of Bank X - "Want to open a bank account! Just dial our 'home service' and we will come at your doorsteps."

Assumptions:

  1. No other bank makes available service at the doorstep of the customer.
  2. People may choose Bank X for their financial transactions.
  3. Nowadays banking has become very competitive.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The advertisement seeks to attract people to open their account in Bank X by promising them service at their doorstep. Since home service' has been used as a tool for earning clientage, so I is implicit. Also, the advertisement seeks to impress upon the people's minds how simple it has become to open an account. This may attract more account holders to Bank X. So, II is implicit. Further, providing banking services at home means that banking has become so competitive that door-to-door service is being provided by the Bank to attract people. Hence, III is also implicit.

20. 

Statement: "Do not lean out of the moving train." - A warning in the railway compartment.

Assumptions:

  1. Such warnings will have some effect.
  2. Leaning out of a moving train is dangerous.
  3. It is the duty of railway authorities to take care of passengers' safety.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only II is implicit
D. Only I and III are implicit
E. All are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The warning against leaning out of moving train is made to heed against the dangers involved. So, both I and II are implicit. Since the warning has been put up in the railway compartment, so III is also implicit.