# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

Exercise : Statement and Assumption - Section 3
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

36.

Statement: Do not copy our software without our permission - A notice.

Assumptions:

1. It is possible to copy the software.
2. Such warning will have some effect.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Since the notice warns one against copying software without permission, it is evident that software can be copied. So, I is implicit. Also, the warning is given with the motive that no one dares to copy the software. So, II is also implicit.

37.

Statement: Retired persons should not be appointed for executive posts in other organisations.

Assumptions:

1. Retired persons may lack the zeal and commitment to carry out executive's work.
2. Retired persons do not take interest in the work and welfare of the new organisation.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Since both I and II do not follow from the statement, so neither of them is implicit.

38.

Statement: "In my absence, I request you to look after the affairs of our company." - B tells C.

Assumptions:

1. C may not accept the request of B.
2. C has the expertise to handle the affairs of the company.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
C's response to B's request cannot be deduced from the statement. So, I is not implicit. Also, B wishes to authorise C to look after the company in his absence. This means that C is capable of handling the affairs. So, II is implicit.

39.

Statement: An announcement: Passengers in their own interest are advised to fasten their seat belts while seated in the trolley of the ropeway.

Assumptions:

1. People are always careful about their own safety.
2. Unless advised, passengers might not use the seat belts.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The stress on 'in their own interest' in the statement indicates that people should use seat belts for their own safety. So, I is implicit. Besides, the announcement has been made to caution passengers to be careful if they want to enjoy a safe ride. So, II is also implicit.

40.

Assumptions:

1. Banking is a part of business activity
2. Industrialists prefer better banking services.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit