Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

36. 

Statement: Do not copy our software without our permission - A notice.

Assumptions:

  1. It is possible to copy the software.
  2. Such warning will have some effect.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Since the notice warns one against copying software without permission, it is evident that software can be copied. So, I is implicit. Also, the warning is given with the motive that no one dares to copy the software. So, II is also implicit.

37. 

Statement: Retired persons should not be appointed for executive posts in other organisations.

Assumptions:

  1. Retired persons may lack the zeal and commitment to carry out executive's work.
  2. Retired persons do not take interest in the work and welfare of the new organisation.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Since both I and II do not follow from the statement, so neither of them is implicit.

38. 

Statement: "In my absence, I request you to look after the affairs of our company." - B tells C.

Assumptions:

  1. C may not accept the request of B.
  2. C has the expertise to handle the affairs of the company.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

C's response to B's request cannot be deduced from the statement. So, I is not implicit. Also, B wishes to authorise C to look after the company in his absence. This means that C is capable of handling the affairs. So, II is implicit.

39. 

Statement: An announcement: Passengers in their own interest are advised to fasten their seat belts while seated in the trolley of the ropeway.

Assumptions:

  1. People are always careful about their own safety.
  2. Unless advised, passengers might not use the seat belts.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The stress on 'in their own interest' in the statement indicates that people should use seat belts for their own safety. So, I is implicit. Besides, the announcement has been made to caution passengers to be careful if they want to enjoy a safe ride. So, II is also implicit.

40. 

Statement: "Banking services are fine tuned to meet growing business needs," - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. Banking is a part of business activity
  2. Industrialists prefer better banking services.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

According to the statement, banking is associated with business activity. So, I is implicit. Banking is adjusted in a way to promote business needs. This means that business is promoted by better banking. So, II is also implicit.