Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

31. 

Statement: A Notice Board at a ticket window: Please come in queue.'

Assumptions:

  1. Unless instructed people will not form queue.
  2. People any way want to purchase tickets.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The instructions have been given so that people willing to buy tickets may not form a crowd. So, I is implicit. Also, it is clear that people would purchase the tickets even after following the given instructions. So, II is also implicit.

32. 

Statement: Children, who get encouragement, usually perform better. - A note by the Principal to the parents.

Assumptions:

  1. Some parents do not encourage children.
  2. Parents may follow Principal's advice.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The statement talks of the performance of children who get encouragement. It means that there are some children who are not encouraged. So, I is implicit. Also, the Principal notifies to the parents that encouragement helps children improve their performance, with the hope that they too would encourage their children. So, II is also implicit,

33. 

Statement: "According to me, you should get your child examined by a specialist doctor." - A tells B.

Assumptions:

  1. Specialist doctors are able to diagnose better than ordinary doctors.
  2. B will certainly not agree with A's advice.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The advice particularly mentions 'a specialist doctor' and not simply 'doctor'. So, I is implicit, B's response to A's advice cannot be deduced from the given statement. So, II is not implicit.

34. 

Statement: The government is making efforts to boost tourism in State X.

Assumptions:

  1. Tourism in State X dropped following political unrest.
  2. Special discounts in the air fare have been announced.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Efforts are being made to boost tourism does not mean that tourism has dropped. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statement mentions nothing about discounts in air fare. So, II is also not implicit.

35. 

Statement: "Best way to solve this problem of workers' dissatisfaction is to offer them cash rewards. If this type of incentive can solve the problem in CIDCO Company then why not here." - A Personnel Manager tells the Chairman of a company.

Assumptions:

  1. The reason for workers' dissatisfaction in both the companies was similar.
  2. Monetary incentives have universal appeal.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Since the policy is expected to work just because it turned out fruitful in another company, it is evident that the problem in both companies was similar and monetary incentives always motivate workers. So, both I and II are implicit.