Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

26. 

Statement: Municipal Corporation has decided to ban the entry of vehicles from sub-urban areas to the main city through main routes during peak hours to avoid traffic congestion.

Assumptions:

  1. The people of sub-urban areas should not bring their vehicles during peak hours.
  2. There is no traffic congestion by the vehicles of people residing in the main city.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

It is mentioned that entry only through main routes has been banned. So, I is not implicit. Besides, the entry has been banned to reduce the volume of traffic on roads and ease congestion. It could only be done at the entrances to the city and not within the city itself. So, congestion by the city vehicles is unavoidable. Hence, II is also not implicit.

27. 

Statement: A good book, even if costly, is sold.

Assumptions:

  1. Some books are better than others.
  2. Most of the books are costly.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement talks about a 'good' book. This means that some books may not be good. So, I is implicit. The words 'if costly' show that most books are not costly. So, II is not implicit.

28. 

Statement: World Health Organisation has decided to double its assistance to various health programmes in India as per-capita expenditure on health in India is very low compared to many other countries.

Assumptions:

  1. The enhanced assistance may substantially increase the per-capita expenditure on health in India and bring it on par with other countries.
  2. The Government funding is less than adequate to provide medical facilities in India.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The fact that WHO has extended its assistance to India implies that government funding here is not adequate. So, II is implicit. Besides, WHO has decided to provide assistance to health programmes in India keeping in mind the considerably low per-capita expenditure on health. So, I is also implicit.

29. 

Statement: The President assured the people that elections will be held here after every five years,

Assumptions:

  1. People are afraid that the elections may not be held at all.
  2. People are afraid that the elections may not be held after five years.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Clearly, the statement is made to eliminate the fear of the people that the elections may not be held at all or they may not be held after five years. So, either I or II is implicit.

30. 

Statement: Interview conducted for selecting people for jobs should measure personality characteristics of candidates.

Assumptions:

  1. Performance on job depends on personality characteristics.
  2. Personality characteristics can be measured in interview.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

According to the statement, the personality characteristics of candidates should be essentially measured in interviews before selection for jobs. So, both I and II are implicit."