# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

Exercise : Statement and Assumption - Section 3
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

46.

Statement: The General Administration Department has issued a circular to all the employees informing them that henceforth the employees can avail their lunch break at any of the half-hour slots between 1.00 p.m. and 2.30 p.m.

Assumptions:

1. The employees may welcome the decision and avail lunch break at different time's slots.
2. There may not be any break in the work of the organization as the employees will have their lunch break at different time slots.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The employees' reaction to the new decision cannot be deduced from the statement. So, I is not implicit. However, II denotes the most probable consequence of the new decision. So, II is implicit.

47.

Statement: Lock your valuables in a cupboard and call everybody gentleman.

Assumptions:

1. Valuables locked in cupboard cannot be stolen.
2. Stealing is a crime.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The statement points out that a person who keeps his things locked away shall feel that every person is good because he has no danger for his things. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions nothing about the lawful nature of the act of stealing. So, II is not implicit,

48.

Statement: "The function will start at 3 P.M. You are requested to take your seats before 3 P.M." - Last sentence in an invitation card.

Assumptions:

1. If the invitee is not in his seat before 3 P.M., the function will not start.
2. Function will start as scheduled.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
It is mentioned that the function will start at 3 RM. and not that the invitees will be waited for. So, I is not implicit and only II is implicit.

49.

Statement: The two countries have signed a fragile pact, but the vital sovereignty issue remains unresolved.

Assumptions:

1. The two countries cannot have permanent peace pact.
2. The two countries may become hostile again after a short spell of time.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
From the fact that the present pact is not a lasting one, the possibility of a permanent pact cannot be ruled out. So, I is not implicit. The statement mentions that the present pact is a 'fragile' one and the vital sovereignty issue still remains unresolved. So the same issue may rise again in the future. Thus, II is implicit.

50.

Statement: Government aided schools should have uniformity in charging various fees.

Assumptions:

1. The Government's subsidy comes from the money collected by way of taxes from people.
2. The Government while giving subsidy may have stipulated certain uniform conditions regarding fees.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit