Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

41. 

Statement: The 'M' Cooperative Housing Society has put up a notice at its gate those sales persons are not allowed inside the society.

Assumptions:

  1. All the sales persons will stay away from the 'M' Cooperative Housing Society.
  2. The security guard posted at the gate may be able to stop the sales persons entering the society.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Since both the assumptions follow from the given statement, so both I and II are implicit.

42. 

Statement: What a fool I am to rely on trickster like Shaleen !

Assumptions:

  1. Shaleen is unreliable.
  2. I am a fool.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Since one condemns oneself to rely on Shaleen, so I is implicit. The statement mentions that it was foolish to rely on Shaleen. So, the person is a fool. Thus, II is implicit.

43. 

Statement: The multinational fast food chains are opening up a large number of Plus Coffee Shops with piped modern music in different cities of India and these are serving various breakfast (snax) with coffee.

Assumptions:

  1. A large number of persons may become regular customers of these coffee shops.
  2. The people will like to enjoy the comfortable environment while drinking coffee with snax.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The concept of Plus Coffee Shops has been attracted to draw in more customers by providing a calm, soothing, musical environment along with a wide variety of breakfast. So, both I and II are implicit.

44. 

Statement: Market trends are changing continuously and with increasing competitiveness, the consumer's demands with respect to the prices and quality are gradually increasing.

Assumptions:

  1. The consumers did not care for the prices and quality earlier.
  2. Market competitiveness is not favourable for the consumers.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement talks of 'increasing demands' of consumers. It does not imply that consumers were indifferent to price and quality earlier. So, I is not implicit. Besides, the statement mentions I that increasing competitiveness has made available to consumers a wide variety of options which has led them to comparing things and choosing the one which best suits their requirements and budget. They are thus getting better 'value for their money'. So, II is also not implicit.

45. 

Statement: The school authorities have decided to increase the number of students in each classroom to seventy from the next academic session to bridge the gap between the income and the expenditure to a large extent.

Assumptions:

  1. The income generated by way of fees of the additional students will be sufficient enough to bridge the gap.
  2. The school will get all the additional students in each class from the next academic session.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, increasing the number of children in each class would increase the income and reduce the expenditure per child. But the response to the school's decision cannot be deduced. So, only I is implicit.