Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

21. 

Statement: A's advice to B - "If you want to study Accounts, join Institute Y."

Assumptions:

  1. Institute Y provides good Accounts education.
  2. B listens to As advice.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, A advises B to join Y because it provides good Accounts education. So, I is implicit. It is not mentioned whether B listens to A's advice or not. So, II is not implicit.

22. 

Statement: "You must learn to refer to dictionary if you want to become a good writer." - A advises B.

Assumptions:

  1. Only writers refer to the dictionary.
  2. All writers, good or bad, refer to the dictionary.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

It does not follow from the statement that only writers and nobody else refers to the dictionary. Also, nothing is mentioned about bad writers. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

23. 

Statement: It is through participative management policy alone that indiscipline in our industries can be contained and a quality of life ensured to the worker.

Assumptions:

  1. Quality of life in our industries is better.
  2. Indiscipline results in poor quality of life.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement mentions that participative management policy 'will' provide quality life to the workers. So, I is not implicit. Clearly, the statement mentions that participative management will contain the indiscipline and ensure quality life to workers. So, II is implicit.

24. 

Statement: A line in an advertisement in a newspaper - "You really get your money's worth when you buy from our shop."

Assumptions:

  1. Other shops price goods above their worth.
  2. People want full value for their money.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, the advertisement mentions nothing about the prices of goods in the various shops. So, I is not implicit. The advertisement is given keeping in mind the desire of the people to get full value of their money. So, II is implicit.

25. 

Statement: The next meeting of the Governing Board of the Institute will be held after one year.

Assumptions:

  1. The Institute will remain in function after one year.
  2. The Governing Board will be dissolved after one year.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

That the meeting of the Governing Board will be held after one year means the Institute will be functioning at that time. So, I is implicit. The Board cannot be dissolved at the time" when its meeting starts. So, II is not implicit.