# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

### Exercise :: Statement and Assumption - Section 3

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

21.

Statement: A's advice to B - "If you want to study Accounts, join Institute Y."

Assumptions:

1. Institute Y provides good Accounts education.
2. B listens to As advice.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Clearly, A advises B to join Y because it provides good Accounts education. So, I is implicit. It is not mentioned whether B listens to A's advice or not. So, II is not implicit.

22.

Statement: "You must learn to refer to dictionary if you want to become a good writer." - A advises B.

Assumptions:

1. Only writers refer to the dictionary.
2. All writers, good or bad, refer to the dictionary.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

It does not follow from the statement that only writers and nobody else refers to the dictionary. Also, nothing is mentioned about bad writers. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

23.

Statement: It is through participative management policy alone that indiscipline in our industries can be contained and a quality of life ensured to the worker.

Assumptions:

1. Quality of life in our industries is better.
2. Indiscipline results in poor quality of life.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

The statement mentions that participative management policy 'will' provide quality life to the workers. So, I is not implicit. Clearly, the statement mentions that participative management will contain the indiscipline and ensure quality life to workers. So, II is implicit.

24.

Assumptions:

1. Other shops price goods above their worth.
2. People want full value for their money.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Clearly, the advertisement mentions nothing about the prices of goods in the various shops. So, I is not implicit. The advertisement is given keeping in mind the desire of the people to get full value of their money. So, II is implicit.

25.

Statement: The next meeting of the Governing Board of the Institute will be held after one year.

Assumptions:

1. The Institute will remain in function after one year.
2. The Governing Board will be dissolved after one year.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit