Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.


Statement: Children, who get encouragement, usually perform better. - A note by the Principal to the parents.


  1. Some parents do not encourage children.
  2. Parents may follow Principal's advice.

[A]. Only assumption I is implicit
[B]. Only assumption II is implicit
[C]. Either I or II is implicit
[D]. Neither I nor II is implicit
[E]. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E


The statement talks of the performance of children who get encouragement. It means that there are some children who are not encouraged. So, I is implicit. Also, the Principal notifies to the parents that encouragement helps children improve their performance, with the hope that they too would encourage their children. So, II is also implicit,

John said: (Oct 27, 2017)  
What is the difference between both and either?

We can also answer either for this question right, why is it both?

Manav Shekhawat said: (Oct 7, 2018)  
I think answer would be D Because neither option A could be assumed by the author nor option B.

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