Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

11. 

Statement: "In the recently imposed war, global public opinion was dishonoured by the economically strong and scientifically advanced superpower."

Assumptions:

  1. Superpowers need not take any heed of global public opinion.
  2. Global public opinion must have been against the imposition of war.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Since discard of public opinion has invited concern, it means that superpowers too are expected to heed public opinion. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statement mentions that war has been imposed and public opinion dishonoured. This implies that global public opinion was against the war. So, II is implicit.

12. 

Statement: How is it that the village is not shown in this so-called official map of this district?

Assumptions:

  1. The official district map is expected to show all the villages of that district.
  2. This is not an authentic and official map.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The statement expresses a doubt at the non-depiction of the village in a map which was said to be an 'official' one. So, both I and II are implicit.

13. 

Statement: The cost of living has gone up in India.

Assumptions:

  1. The price of essential commodities has gone up in recent times.
  2. Many luxury goods are available in plenty in the country.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The cost of living is directly associated with the prices of essential commodities. So, I is implicit. II denotes an essential consequence of rise in cost of living. So, II is also implicit.

14. 

Statement: No budgetary provision for the purpose of appointing additional faculty would be made in the context of institute's changed financial priorities.

Assumptions:

  1. Appointment of faculty requires funds.
  2. There are areas other than appointment of faculty which require more financial attention.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The phrase 'budgetary provision for the purpose of appointing additional faculty' makes I implicit. Also, since no budgetary provision was provided for appointment of faculty in view of certain changed financial priorities, it means that some other issues require more financial attention. So, II is also implicit.

15. 

Statement: The economic condition of the country has gone from bad to worse.

Assumptions:

  1. The government has failed to tackle economic problems.
  2. People are not cooperating with the government.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement implies that the existing economic problems have worsened. So, I is implicit. Nothing about the people's attitude is mentioned. So, II is not implicit.