Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

6. 

Statement: All the employees are notified that the organisation will provide transport facilities at half cost from the nearby railway station to the office except those who have been provided with travelling allowance.

Assumptions:

  1. Most of the employees will travel by the office transport.
  2. Those who are provided with travelling allowance will not read such notice.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The facility given by the office shall be an added privilege and many employees will avail of the same. So, I is implicit. Also, the statement 'All the employees are notified.....' implies that the notice is for all the employees. So, II is not implicit.

7. 

Statement: The government has decided to hold the employers responsible for deducting tax at source for all its employees.

Assumptions:

  1. The employers may still not arrange to deduct tax at source for its employees.
  2. The employees may not allow the employers to deduct tax at source.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Such decisions are implemented by the government as laws, which are binding on both the employers and the employees. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

8. 

Statement: Whenever you have any doubt on this subject, you may refer to the book by Enn and Enn.

Assumptions:

  1. The book by Enn and Enn is available.
  2. There is no other book on this subject.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The recommendation of the book by Enn and Enn implies that it is available. So, I is implicit. Also, the book has been referred to as a good one, but this does not mean that no other books are available on the subject. So, II is not implicit.

9. 

Statement: I can take you quickly from Kanpur to Lucknow by my cab but then you must pay me double the normal charges,

Assumptions:

  1. Normally, it will take more time to reach Lucknow from Kanpur.
  2. People want to reach quickly but they will not pay extra money for it.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Since the narrator asks for double charges to take the person quickly to Lucknow, it implies that normally it takes more time to reach Lucknow. So, I is implicit. Since one demands extra charges to reach the destination earlier than usual, the person in need would have to pay accordingly. So, II is not implicit.

10. 

Statement: "I would like to study the impact of pay revision on job satisfaction of employees." - A tells B.

Assumptions:

  1. Job satisfaction can be measured.
  2. A has necessary competence to undertake such study.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, A wishes to study the degree of effect of pay revision on job satisfaction of employees. This means that job satisfaction can be measured and A is capable of making such a study. So, both I and II are implicit.