# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

Exercise : Statement and Assumption - Section 1
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

1.

Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions:

1. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
2. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual's worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

2.

Statement: It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.

Assumptions:

1. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
2. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Since the statement talks of putting the child in school at the age of 5, it means that the child is mentally prepared for the same at this age. So, I is implicit. But nothing about admission after 6 years of age is mentioned in the statement. So, II is not implicit.

3.

Statement: "In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees." - In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager.

Assumptions:

1. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality.
2. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Assumption I goes against the statement. So, it is not implicit. The allowance will serve as a reward to the employees and shall provoke them to come on time. So, II is implicit.

4.

Statement: Unemployment allowance should be given to all unemployed Indian youth above 18 years of age.

Assumptions:

1. There are unemployed youth in India who needs monetary support.
2. The government has sufficient funds to provide allowance to all unemployed youth.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
I directly follows from the statement and so is implicit. Also, the statement is a suggestion and does not tell about a government policy or its position of funds. So, II is not implicit.

5.

Statement: "If you trouble me, I will slap you." - A mother warns her child.

Assumptions:

1. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
2. All children are basically naughty.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit