Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.


Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter.


  1. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
  2. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

[A]. Only assumption I is implicit
[B]. Only assumption II is implicit
[C]. Either I or II is implicit
[D]. Neither I nor II is implicit
[E]. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E


The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual's worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

Savithri said: (Apr 1, 2011)  
I am unable to convince for the answer as per the statement II.

Vivek said: (Aug 27, 2011)  
Tell me that what is meant by implicit? assumption 1 is implicit means it is right regarding statement or wrong? please clear me.

Gangareddy said: (Feb 3, 2012)  
I want to know the meaning of implicit.

Abhijit said: (Feb 15, 2012)  
Implicit means accurate or constructive.

Sunny said: (Apr 9, 2012)  
Please can any one tell me how to decide the answer in the two statement given.

Marie Curie said: (Apr 29, 2012)  
First is to look for context clues. What is the statement all about. In this statement, "acceptance to service". Then based on this, you now see the options if they say anything about the statement. Usually, if the option is a generalization, it is not true. If the option has no connection to the statement, then it is not the correct answer, of course.

Robert Akwasi Adjei said: (Sep 27, 2012)  
Probation simply means given the employee a time frame to prove his/her worth to the employer. It is an implied term which is understandable though not directly expressed.

Also, reviewing his/her performance implied that he/she will be appraised after having gone through the given period to determine whether he/she deserves to be employed.

The two scenarios means that both are implicit. Implicit simply means an implied or to understand though not directly or clearly expressed.

Rakshit Jain said: (Mar 5, 2013)  
An assumption is said to be implicit if it can be suggested or inferred from the the given statement but it is it is not stated directly.

Abid. said: (Oct 7, 2013)  
1 is not implicit. Screening tests can be held to evaluate any new comer.

Vicky said: (Nov 9, 2013)  
Performance of an individual may be known on the basis of his performance in the written examination and interview. But since not enough indications are given in the statement itself we known nothing about whether performance is known or not.

Therefore I is not an assumption.

Uttam said: (Jan 15, 2014)  
What is the meaning of first statement?

Devi said: (Jul 30, 2014)  
The meaning of first statement is the ability how much work done by your are not visible at the offer letter time.

Varalika Nigam said: (Sep 18, 2014)  
Implicit does means that this statement should be included in for further and better understanding.

Rohan Sharma said: (Oct 2, 2014)  
Implicit Assumptions means that if they can be implied from the "Statement" given in the question.

Rahul Kumar said: (Oct 7, 2014)  
Is there is any basic idea to determine the right conclusion?

Liza said: (Nov 11, 2014)  
How is option 2 implicit?

Deepika said: (Jan 29, 2015)  
Is there any guess to identify the right conclusion?

Deepika said: (Jan 29, 2015)  
Can any one please explain how to identify the correct conclusion?

Aathavan said: (Sep 14, 2015)  
How to do solve such type of problem?

Deepti said: (Oct 8, 2015)  
Don't understand that how both will be implicit.

Radhika said: (Oct 11, 2015)  
What is meant by implicit assumption? Does it mean true? Reply fast.

Kushi said: (Nov 16, 2015)  
Have you any trick to solve assumption?

Shubham said: (Jan 3, 2016)  
Implicit means "implied though not directly expressed". In my point of view only statement 1 is implicit, as nothing has been talked about the nature of an employee, whether he will put an effort to show the worth during probation period.

Akash said: (Apr 22, 2016)  
Implicit means suggested or not directly given but implied.

Here, in my opinion, the answer should be 1. Because for assuming any fact out of a given statement it is essential that either the statement has its implied meaning or have a direct relation with it.
A general statement about the results of performance on the basis of a condition in an appointment does not appear to be correct.

According to me, the correct answer should be 1.

Smith said: (Apr 23, 2016)  
Yes, I Agree with you @Akash.

Vibha said: (Jul 19, 2016)  
Implict mean a work which is corelate our statement.

Anindya said: (Sep 28, 2016)  
We have to take the assumption from the P.O.V of the person who makes the statement therefore only I is implicit.

Devvrat said: (Jan 15, 2017)  
How can you assume that a candidate will prove his worth only in the period of probation. Let us assume that a new project comes up with the company in 3 years after his appointment. And he really like the concept, won't he perform better and be of more worth for the company. And in the same way does company assumes that all its permanent employees are working below par as they have already proved their worth in initial period of probation.

So according to me only statement I is correct.

Laurance said: (Apr 30, 2017)  
According to me, The answer E is correct.

Both statements has a word "generally"
As the candidate has applied for the post we can safely assume that he will try to prove his mettle during the prob period. After getting the job he will quit or a case of a new project in the third year is out of the question.

The real-time performance of the candidate as a programmer can not be assessed by other means but only by real-time experience.

Generally, this is the case as implied in the statement.
So E should be correct.

Krupal said: (Nov 9, 2017)  
Implicit means statement is true or wrong?

Sushil said: (Mar 9, 2018)  
Implicit means implied within statement w.r.t. context.

Aman Swaraj said: (Apr 20, 2018)  
Here it is written, "your performance will be reviewed".

The word reviewed is significant here!

Clearly, it suggests that at the time of appointment, the performance is known to the company so statement 1 should not be implicit.

Priya said: (Mar 8, 2019)  
According to me, both the sentence are implicit because at the time of interview we only know an employee capability but during probation period we will be able to know the intensity of an employee which are generally hidden. An employee capability is better seen in pressure.

Shan said: (Mar 8, 2020)  
How 2 assumption is right ?

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