Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.


Statement: "In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees." - In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager.


  1. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality.
  2. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.

[A]. Only assumption I is implicit
[B]. Only assumption II is implicit
[C]. Either I or II is implicit
[D]. Neither I nor II is implicit
[E]. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B


Assumption I goes against the statement. So, it is not implicit. The allowance will serve as a reward to the employees and shall provoke them to come on time. So, II is implicit.

Vijayakumar.V said: (Dec 25, 2010)  
Can anyone explain why 1st assumption is not implicit. It also talks about the statement. Please help me out.

Chitralekha Borah said: (Jan 24, 2011)  
Kindly,explain some other examples.

Ashwini said: (Feb 28, 2011)  
1 st statement is talking about providing conveying allowance and assumption says about not providing conveyance allowance. So it is against statement.

Swapna Gupta said: (Sep 10, 2011)  
Do we have to accept the statement as it is written there, whether it concerns to reality or not ?

Shiva said: (Sep 13, 2011)  
Because in 1st statemant they mention that 'will not' so that is aganist the statement.

Ravindra said: (Feb 21, 2012)  
Option D.

As conveneyance is provided only to help people so that they can come on time with. This have nothing to do with discipline.

Napoleon said: (Apr 27, 2013)  
It may or may not bring punctuality so Option 2 alone is implicit.

Harshal said: (Feb 28, 2014)  
I agree with @Ravindra the statement 2 is too strong cannot be said to be implicit.

Katrina said: (Apr 4, 2014)  
I agree with @Ravindra and @Harshal. The statement doesn't say anything about discipline or what happens to the employees who are late. Also, the statement only mentions one topic-- conveyance allowance-- so it can't be said that discipline and reward ALWAYS go hand in hand if the statement is only talking about one particular issue.

Ali said: (Jul 26, 2014)  
By the way can someone tell me how conveyance allowance is can be called as a reward to employee? As it is for all it may be received by someone who often comes late.

Jaydev said: (Oct 5, 2014)  
Option D is correct. As rightly shorted out by Ravindra and Ali, conveyance allowance has nothing to do with discipline and it is not a reward to employees.

Uddeshya said: (Nov 27, 2014)  
From my opinion also option D should be correct.

Were it the case that, conveyance allowance will be given on punctuality basis then option B would have made sense. But clearly that is not the case here.

Ashish Upadhyaya said: (Jan 4, 2015)  
It should be D. The word ''always'' in statement II makes it very generalized. Also, as pointed out by others, this isn't about discipline and reward.

Shreevatsa said: (Jan 17, 2016)  
Can you explain how statement 2 is implicit?

Gunjan Chopra said: (May 30, 2016)  
Can you please tell why statement 2 is implicit?

In the main statement, the author is nowhere talking about discipline and all. Please explain.

Sindo said: (Aug 31, 2016)  
We want to always consider the statement as a true fact even though it is totally wrong.

So here according to the statement 1st one does not follow and 2nd one even though it is wrong really, we want to take it as a true based on the statement given [blindly trust the statement as true].

Vikas said: (Sep 13, 2016)  
Option D seems to be correct than B. Since discipline and punctuality are different.

Harshit Sharma said: (Nov 11, 2016)  
I think 'neither' should have been the correct answer as the word BRING clearly indicates that punctuality is not there at present. And the reward of something is given when someone deserves it. So why should the employees be rewarded if they are not punctual? I think if the word MAINTAIN had been used instead of BRING then assumption '2' would have been correct.

Aniket Sachan said: (Dec 2, 2016)  
It will be D because allowance can't be dealt with reward. And first one clearly violates statement.

Saurabhpandey67 said: (Jan 30, 2017)  
Look guys, we have to see each statement from the eyes of the author of the statement and try to figure out which of the following he thought to be true which leaded him to write this statement.

1st option is against the statement and hence would have stopped the author from writing this.
2nd option talks about the discipline and reward always going hand in hand which totally satisfies the statement as he demanded this order in order to bring discipline.

So he is pretty sure hat this will definitely bring punctuality mark the word ALWAYS in option 2. Otherwise, you will not get the point.

Chitra said: (Apr 8, 2017)  
I too agree D is the correct answer because there is nothing to do with discipline and reward.

Charan Rawat said: (Feb 7, 2018)  
D is correct answer as neither follows. Punctuality is minimum expected from all employees. Why a basic requirement of discipline be made subject to incentive?

Kevin said: (Oct 28, 2019)  
I can accept D is not the right answer, and B is, given the context of an interview question. These are not just logic questions, but they are interview questions. The company wants an employee who will understand what the managers want them to do, and who want to do what their managers want them to do.

For example, be on time to work each day. When we think about "discipline" and "reward" on an interview question, it might well reflect that we are people who strongly recognize the importance of coming to work on time. It might well reflect that we are expected to treat our paycheck as a reward for complying with the mangers' wishes.

The main problem with the question is that the test is not named correctly, and it should be named Logical Employee Compliance Measurement, or some such.

Vartika said: (Aug 22, 2020)  
But discipline n reward thing is nowhere mentioned. Then how it can be 2nd one? It should be neither I nor II.

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