Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random



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Instruction:

  • This is a FREE online test. DO NOT pay money to anyone to attend this test.
  • Total number of questions : 20.
  • Time alloted : 30 minutes.
  • Each question carry 1 mark, no negative marks.
  • DO NOT refresh the page.
  • All the best :-).


Direction (for Q.No. 1):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

1.

Statement: Should cutting of trees be banned altogether?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. It is very much necessary to do so to restore ecological balance.
  2. No. A total ban would harm timber based industries.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, trees play a vital role in maintaining ecological balance and so must be preserved. So, argument I holds. Also, trees form the basic source of timber and a complete ban on cutting of trees would harm timber based industries. So, only a controlled cutting of trees should be allowed and the loss replenished by planting more trees. So, argument II is also valid.

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Direction (for Q.No. 2):
Three of the words will be in the same classification, the remaining one will not be. Your answer will be the one word that does NOT belong in the same classification as the others.
2.

Which word does NOT belong with the others?

A.
rye
B.
sourdough
C.
pumpernickel
D.
loaf

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Loaf, sourdough, and pumpernickel are types of bread. A rye is not a bread type.

Loaf - Bread that is shaped and baked in one piece and usually sliced before being eaten.

Pumpernickel - Dark, dense German bread made from coarsely ground whole-grain rye.

Sourdough - Leaven for making bread, consisting of fermenting dough, typically that left over from a previous batch.

Rye - A wheatlike cereal plant that tolerates poor soils and low temperatures.

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Direction (for Q.No. 3):
In these series, you will be looking at both the letter pattern and the number pattern. Fill the blank in the middle of the series or end of the series.
3.

B2CD, _____, BCD4, B5CD, BC6D

A.
B2C2D
B.
BC3D
C.
B2C3D
D.
BCD7

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Because the letters are the same, concentrate on the number series, which is a simple 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 series, and follows each letter in order.

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Direction (for Q.No. 4):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

4.

Statement: If you have any problems, bring them to me.

Assumptions:

  1. You have some problems.
  2. I can solve any problem.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The word 'If shows that 'you' do not necessarily have problems. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statement states that problems will be solved by 'me'. So II is implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 5):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

5.

Statement: Should we scrap the 'Public Distribution System' in India?

Arguments:

  1. Yes, Protectionism is over, everyone must get the bread on his/her own.
  2. Yes. The poor do not get any benefit because of corruption.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The Public Distribution System is indeed necessary to provide basic amenities to the economically backward sections of population. So, argument I is vague. Also, if the Objectives of a system are not fulfilled because of corruption, then getting rid of the system is no solution. Instead, efforts should be made to end corruption and extend its benefits to the people for whom it is meant. So, argument II also does not hold,

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Direction (for Q.No. 6):
Each problem consists of three statements. Based on the first two statements, the third statement may be true, false, or uncertain.
6.

Three pencils cost the same as two erasers.
Four erasers cost the same as one ruler.
Pencils are more expensive than rulers.
If the first two statements are true, the third statement is

A.
true
B.
false
C.
uncertain

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Rulers are the most expensive item.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 7 - 8):
Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word.
7.

pain

A.
cut
B.
burn
C.
nuisance
D.
hurt

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Pain is suffering or hurt, so choice d is the essential element. Without hurt, there is no pain. A cut (choice a) or a burn (choice b) may cause pain, but so do many other types of injury. A nuisance (choice c) is an annoyance that may or may not cause pain.

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8.

lightning

A.
electricity
B.
thunder
C.
brightness
D.
rain

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Lightning is produced from a discharge of electricity, so electricity is essential. Thunder and rain are not essential to the production of lightning (choices b and d). Brightness may be a byproduct of lightning, but it is not essential (choice c).

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Direction (for Q.No. 9):
Look carefully for the pattern, and then choose which pair of numbers comes next.
9.

4 8 22 12 16 22 20 24

A.
28 32
B.
28 22
C.
22 28
D.
32 36
E.
22 26

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

This is an alternating repetition series, with a random number, 22, interpolated as every third number into an otherwise simple addition series. In the addition series, 4 is added to each number to arrive at the next number.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 10 - 11):
Choose the picture that would go in the empty box so that the two bottom pictures are related in the same way as the top two are related.
10.

A.
1
B.
2
C.
3
D.
4

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

A snow-capped mountain is to a crocodile as a cactus is to a starfish. This relationship shows an opposition. The crocodile does NOT belong on the mountain; the starfish does NOT belong in the desert.

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11.

A.
1
B.
2
C.
3
D.
4

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

A toddler is to an adult as a caterpillar is to a butterfly. This relationship shows the young and the adult. The caterpillar is an early stage of the adult butterfly.

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Direction (for Q.No. 12):
The words in the bottom row are related in the same way as the words in the top row. For each item, find the word that completes the bottom row of words.
12.

candle lamp floodlight
hut cottage ?

A.
tent
B.
city
C.
dwelling
D.
house

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Above the line, the relationship shows a progression of sources of light. The relationship below the line shows a progression of types of housing, from smallest to largest. (Choice a) is incorrect because a tent is smaller than a house. Choices b and c are wrong because they are not part of the progression.

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Direction (for Q.No. 13):
Every one of the following questions consists of a related pair of words, followed by five pairs of words. Choose the pair that best represents a similar relationship to the one expressed in the original pair of words.
13.

PULSATE : THROB

A.
walk : run
B.
tired : sleep
C.
examine : scrutinize
D.
ballet : dancer
E.
find : lose

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Pulsate and throb are synonyms, as are examine and scrutinize.

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Direction (for Q.No. 14):

In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

14.

Statements: All men are married. Some men are educated.

Conclusions:

  1. Some married are educated.
  2. Some educated are married.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Since one premise is particular, the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. So, I follows. II is the converse of I and thus it also holds.

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Direction (for Q.No. 15):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

15.

Statement: Youngsters are often found staring at obscene posters.

Courses of Action:

  1. Children should be punished and penalized if they are found doing so.
  2. Any display of such material should be banned.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Bad things attract more and punishment after the act has been committed is no remedy. The act should be prevented. So, only course II follows.

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Direction (for Q.No. 16):

In each of the following questions, two statements are given followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

16.

Statements: Some bags are pockets. No pocket is a pouch.

Conclusions:

  1. No bag is a pouch.
  2. Some bags are not pouches.
  3. Some pockets are bags.
  4. No pocket is a bag,

A.
None follows
B.
Only I and III follow
C.
Only II and III follow
D.
Only either I or IV follows
E.
All follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Since one premise is particular and the other negative, the conclusion must be particular negative and should not contain the middle term. So, II follows. III is the converse of the first premise and thus it also holds.

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Direction (for Q.No. 17):
Each question presents a situation and asks you to make a judgment regarding that particular circumstance. Choose an answer based on given information.
17.

Rita, an accomplished pastry chef who is well known for her artistic and exquisite wedding cakes, opened a bakery one year ago and is surprised that business has been so slow. A consultant she hired to conduct market research has reported that the local population doesn't think of her shop as one they would visit on a daily basis but rather a place they'd visit if they were celebrating a special occasion. Which of the following strategies should Rita employ to increase her daily business?

A.
making coupons available that entitle the coupon holder to receive a 25% discount on wedding, anniversary, or birthday cakes
B.
exhibiting at the next Bridal Expo and having pieces of one of her wedding cakes available for tasting
C.
placing a series of ads in the local newspaper that advertise the wide array of breads
D.
moving the bakery to the other side of town

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

This is the only option that would encourage people to think of the bakery as a shop they would visit regularly and not just on special occasions.

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Direction (for Q.No. 18):
Look carefully for the pattern, and then choose which pair of numbers comes next.
18.

3 8 10 15 17 22 24

A.
26 28
B.
29 34
C.
29 31
D.
26 31
E.
26 32

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

This is an alternating addition series that adds 5, then 2, then 5, and so on.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 19 - 20):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

19.

Statement: Children are influenced more by their teachers nowadays.

Assumptions:

  1. The children consider teachers as their models.
  2. A large amount of children's time is spent in school.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, it is because children consider teachers as their model that they are more influenced by them. So, I is implicit. It is not necessary that the children are influenced by teachers because they spend much time in school. So, II is not implicit.

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20.

Statement: The coffee powder of company X is quite better in taste than the much advertised coffee of company Y.

Assumptions:

  1. If your product is not good, your spend more on advertisement.
  2. Some people are tempted to buy a product by the advertisement.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Since the statement holds the product of company X more superior in quality than that of Y which spends more on advertisement, so I is not implicit. According to the statement, the product of company Y is more known because of more advertisement. So, II is implicit.

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