Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random



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Instruction:

  • Total number of questions : 20.
  • Time alloted : 30 minutes.
  • Each question carry 1 mark, no negative marks.
  • DO NOT refresh the page.
  • All the best :-).


Direction (for Q.No. 1):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

1.

Statement: Should there be students union in college/university?

Arguments:

  1. No. This will create a political atmosphere in the campus.
  2. Yes, it is very necessary Students are future political leaders.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The students union formation shall be a step towards giving to students the basic education in the field of politics. However, it shall create the same political atmosphere in the campus. Thus, both the arguments hold strong.

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Direction (for Q.No. 2):
Each question presents a situation and asks you to make a judgment regarding that particular circumstance. Choose an answer based on given information.
2.

Mrs. Jansen recently moved to Arizona. She wants to fill her new backyard with flowering plants. Although she is an experienced gardener, she isn't very well-versed in what plants will do well in the Arizona climate. Also, there is a big tree in her backyard making for shady conditions and she isn't sure what plants will thrive without much direct sunlight. Her favorite gardening catalog offers several backyard seed packages. Which one should Mrs. Jansen choose?

A.
The Rainbow Collection is ideal for North-east gardens. It includes a variety of colorful perennials that thrive in cool, moist conditions.
B.
The Greenhouse Collection will blossom year after year if planted in brightly lit locations and watered regularly.
C.
The Treehouse Collection will provide lush green plants with delicate colorful flowers that thrive in shady and partially shady locations.
D.
The Oasis Collection includes a variety of perennials that thrive in dry climates and bright sunlight.

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The Treehouse Collection is the only package that can thrive in shady locations. Choice a requires a Northeastern climate. Choices b and d require bright sunlight.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 3 - 4):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

3.

Statement: Financial stringency prevented the State Government from paying salaries to its employees since April this year.

Courses of Action:

  1. The State Government should immediately curtail the staff strength at least by 30%.
  2. The State Government should reduce wasteful expenditure and arrange to pay the salaries of its employees.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, curtailing of the staff strength will only increase the panic and discontent, and the satisfaction of the employees is a must. So, the Government should arrange for payment of wages. Thus, only course II follows.

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4.

Statement: The Committee has criticized the Institute for its failure to implement a dozen of regular programmes despite an increase in the staff strength and not drawing up a firm action plan for studies and research.

Courses of Action:

  1. The broad objectives of the Institute should be redefined to implement a practical action plan.
  2. The Institute should give a report on reasons for not having implemented the planned programmes.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The problem is that despite an increase in staff strength, the Institute has failed in its objective of implementing its plan. So, either there should be reasons for the lackening or the plans are a failure and must be revised for practical implementation. Thus, both the courses follow.

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Direction (for Q.No. 5):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

5.

Statement: Should there be only one rate of interest for term deposits of varying durations in banks?

Arguments:

  1. No. People will refrain from keeping money for longer duration resulting into reduction of liquidity level of banks.
  2. Yes. This will be much simple for the common people and they may be encouraged to keep more money in banks.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, the proposed scheme would discourage people from keeping deposits for longer durations (the rate of interest being the same for short durations) and not draw in more funds. So, only argument I holds.

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Direction (for Q.No. 6):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

6.

Statement: The exodus from villages to cities is detrimental to both.

Courses of Action:

  1. Rural postings must be made mandatory.
  2. There should be fewer trains linking cities to smaller places.
  3. Employment generation scheme should be launched in rural areas.

A.
Only II follows
B.
Only I and II follow
C.
Only III follows
D.
Only II and III follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Clearly, the exodus cannot be stopped by reducing the number of trains. So, II does not follow. The exodus occurs primarily due to better employment opportunities and facilities in the cities. Hence, it can be prevented not by compulsion but by making conditions favourable for those residing in villages. So, I does not follow while III follows.

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Direction (for Q.No. 7):

In each of the following questions, three statements are given followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and TV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

7.

Statements: Some pearls are stones. Some stones are diamonds. No diamond is a gem.

Conclusions:

  1. Some gems are pearls.
  2. Some gems are diamonds.
  3. No gem is a diamond.
  4. No gem is a pearl.

A.
Only I and II follow
B.
Only III and IV follow
C.
Only either I or IV and either II or III follow
D.
Only III and either I or IV follow
E.
None of these

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

III is the converse of the third premise and so it holds.

Some pearls are stones. Some stones are diamonds.

Since both the premises are particular, no definite conclusion follows.

Some stones are diamonds. No diamond is a gem.

Since one premise is particular and the other negative, the conclusion must be particular negative and should not contain the middle term. So, it follows that 'Some stones are not gems'.

However, I and IV involve the extreme terms of the three premises and form a complementary pair, Thus, either I or IV follows.

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Direction (for Q.No. 8):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

8.

Statements: The T.V. staff deserves an applaud for showing booth capture.

Conclusions:

  1. T.V. aims at showing things in their true perspective.
  2. People involved in booth capturing have been recognised and are being tried by law.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, I directly follows from the statement. However, II is not directly related to the given statement and so does not follow.

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Direction (for Q.No. 9):
In each series, look for the degree and direction of change between the numbers. In other words, do the numbers increase or decrease, and by how much
9.

Look at this series: 5.2, 4.8, 4.4, 4, ... What number should come next?

A.
3
B.
3.3
C.
3.5
D.
3.6

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

In this simple subtraction series, each number decreases by 0.4.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 10 - 11):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

10.

Statement: Shalini made an application to the bank for a loan of Rs. 1,80,000 by mortgaging her house to the bank and promised to repay it within five years.

Assumptions:

  1. The bank has a practice of granting loans for Rs. 1,00,000 and above.
  2. The bank accepts house as collateral security against such loans.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The fact that Shalini has applied for a loan of Rs. 1,80,000 implies that the bank can grant a loan above Rs. 1,00,000. So, I is implicit. II also follows directly from the statement and so is implicit.

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11.

Statement: Detergents should be used to clean clothes.

Assumptions:

  1. Detergents form more lather.
  2. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Nothing is mentioned about lather formation by the detergent. So, I is not implicit. Also, detergents should be used as they clean clothes better and more easily. So, II is implicit.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 12 - 13):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

12.

Statements: All the organised persons find time for rest. Sunita, in spite of her very busy schedule, finds time for rest.

Conclusions:

  1. Sunita is an organised person.
  2. Sunita is an industrious person.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Sunita has a very busy schedule. This means that she is industrious. But still she finds time for rest. This means that she is an organised person. So, both I and II follow.

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13.

Statements: The old order changed yielding place to new.

Conclusions:

  1. Change is the law of nature.
  2. Discard old ideas because they are old.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, I directly follows from the given statement. Also, it is mentioned that old ideas are replaced by new ones, as thinking changes with the progressing time. So, II does not follow.

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Direction (for Q.No. 14):

In each of the following questions, two statements are given followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

14.

Statements: Some houses are offices. Some offices are schools.

Conclusions:

  1. Some schools are houses.
  2. Some offices are houses.
  3. No house is school.
  4. Some schools are offices.

A.
Only II and III follow
B.
Only I and IV follow
C.
Only either III or IV, and I follow
D.
Only II and IV and either I or III follow.

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Since both the premises are particular, no definite conclusion follows. However, I and III involve only the extreme terms and form a complementary pair. So, either I or III follows. II is the converse of the first premise while IV is the converse of the second premise. Thus, both of them hold.

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Direction (for Q.No. 15):
Choose the picture that would go in the empty box so that the two bottom pictures are related in the same way as the top two are related.
15.

A.
1
B.
2
C.
3
D.
4

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Newspaper is to book as trumpet is to banjo. The newspaper and book are to read; the trumpet and banjo are musical instruments to play.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 16 - 17):

In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

16.

Statements: All boys are honest. Sachin is honest.

Conclusions:

  1. Sachin is a boy.
  2. All honest persons are boys.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Both the premises are A type propositions. So, the middle term 'honest' forming the predicate in each is not distributed in either. Since the middle term is not distributed even once, no definite conclusion follows.

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17.

Statements: All water is divine. All temples are divine.

Conclusions:

  1. All water is temple.
  2. All temples are water.

A.
Only conclusion I follows
B.
Only conclusion II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Since the middle term 'divine' is not distributed even once in the premises, no definite conclusion can be drawn.

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Direction (for Q.No. 18):
Look carefully for the pattern, and then choose which pair of numbers comes next.
18.

75 65 85 55 45 85 35

A.
25 15
B.
25 85
C.
35 25
D.
85 35
E.
25 75

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

This is a simple subtraction series in which a random number, 85, is interpolated as every third number. In the subtraction series, 10 is subtracted from each number to arrive at the next.

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Direction (for Q.No. 19):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

19.

Statement: The company has recently announced a series of incentives to the employees who are punctual and sincere.

Assumptions:

  1. Those who are not punctual at present may get motivated by the announcement.
  2. The productivity of the company may increase.
  3. The profit earned by the company may be more than the amount to be spent for the incentive programmes.

A.
Only I and II are implicit
B.
None is implicit
C.
Only II and III are implicit
D.
All are implicit
E.
None of these

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Announcing incentives for punctual and sincere employees would surely motivate more and more employees to be punctual, and this will ensure productivity. So, both I and II are implicit. However, the statement does not give any information about the profit earned by the company. So, III is not implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 20):
Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word.
20.

school

A.
student
B.
report card
C.
test
D.
learning

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Without students, a school cannot exist; therefore, students are the essential part of schools. The other choices may be related, but they are not essential.

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