Online Logical Reasoning Test - Logical Reasoning Test - Random



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Instruction:

  • This is a FREE online test. DO NOT pay money to anyone to attend this test.
  • Total number of questions : 20.
  • Time alloted : 30 minutes.
  • Each question carry 1 mark, no negative marks.
  • DO NOT refresh the page.
  • All the best :-).


Direction (for Q.No. 1):
Read each definition and all four choices carefully, and find the answer that provides the best example of the given definition.
1.

People speculate when they consider a situation and assume something to be true based on inconclusive evidence. Which situation below is the best example of Speculation ?

A.
Francine decides that it would be appropriate to wear jeans to her new office on Friday after reading about "Casual Fridays" in her employee handbook.
B.
Mary spends thirty minutes sitting in traffic and wishes that she took the train instead of driving.
C.
After consulting several guidebooks and her travel agent, Jennifer feels confident that the hotel she has chosen is first-rate.
D.
When Emily opens the door in tears, Theo guesses that she's had a death in her family.

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

This is the only situation in which someone makes an assumption that is not based on conclusive evidence. Choices a and c reflect situations in which assumptions are made based on evidence. In choice b, Mary is not assuming anything to be true. She is simply wishing that she'd made a different decision.

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Direction (for Q.No. 2):

In each of the following questions, two statements are given followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from the commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

2.

Statements: All politicians are honest. All honest are fair.

Conclusions:

  1. Some honest are politicians.
  2. No honest is politician.
  3. Some fair are politicians.
  4. All fair are politicians.

A.
None follows.
B.
Only I follows.
C.
Only I and II follow.
D.
Only I and III follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, it follows that 'All politicians are fair'. I is the converse of the first premise, while III is the converse of the above conclusion. So, both I and III hold.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 3 - 4):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

3.

Statement: Without reforming the entire administrative system, we cannot eradicate corruption and prejudice from the society.

Assumptions:

  1. The existence of corruption and prejudice is good.
  2. There is enough flexibility to change the administrative system.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement talks of eradicating corruption and prejudice from the society, which indicates that these aspects are undesirable. So, I is not implicit. Besides, the statement mentions about reforming the administrative system. So, II is implicit.

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4.

Statement: "Private property, trespassers will be prosecuted" - A notice on a plot of land.

Assumptions:

  1. The passerby may read the notice and may not trespass.
  2. The people are scared of prosecution.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Any notice is displayed assuming that people will read the notice and also follow the content of the notice. So, I is implicit. Besides, the notice threatens any trespassers to be prosecuted. So, II is also implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 5):
Translate from an imaginary language into English. Then, look for the word elements that appear both on the list and in the answer choices.
5.

Here are some words translated from an artificial language.
malgauper means peach cobbler
malgaport means peach juice
moggagrop means apple jelly
Which word could mean "apple juice"?

A.
moggaport
B.
malgaauper
C.
gropport
D.
moggagrop

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Malga means peach; uper means cobbler; port means juice; mogga means apple; and grop means jelly. Therefore, moggaport means apple juice.

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Direction (for Q.No. 6):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

6.

Statement: People residing in some tribal areas are far from education.

Courses of Action:

  1. Government should render all help to the NGOs to open schools there.
  2. A mass awareness programme must be initiated in these areas.
  3. Social workers should be entrusted with the job of educating them.

A.
Only I and II follow
B.
Only II and III follow
C.
Only I and III follow
D.
Only either I or III, and II follow
E.
All follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, people in tribal areas ought to be made aware of the need of education and persuaded to send children to schools. But at the same time proper facilities to render education must also be available. So, both I and II follow. However, education by social workers shall be a temporary remedy. Thus, III does not follow.

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Direction (for Q.No. 7):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.

7.

Statement: Should there be a complete ban on genetically modified imported seeds?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. This will boost the demand of domestically developed seeds.
  2. No. This is the only way to increase production substantially.
  3. Yes. Genetically modified products will adversely affect the health of those who consume these products.

A.
Only I and II are strong
B.
Only II is strong
C.
Only II and III are strong
D.
Only I and III are strong
E.
All are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Genetically modified imported seeds have been specially formulated to increase the yield and quality of produce. So, argument II is strong. Besides, increase in production holds much more significance than the sale of domestically produced seeds. Thus, argument I does not hold. Also, the genetically modified seeds result in a producer of finer quality which is no way harmful to the consumer. So, III also does not hold strong.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 8 - 10):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

8.

Statement: Every year, at the beginning or at the end of the monsoons, we have some cases of conjunctivitis, but this year, it seems to be a major epidemic, witnessed after nearly four years.

Courses of Action:

  1. Precautionary measures should be taken after every four years to check this epidemic.
  2. People should be advised to drink boiled water during rainy season.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The disease occurs at the end of monsoons every year. So, precautionary measures every four years shall not help. The second course of action shall be a preventive measure. So, only course II follows.

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9.

Statement: Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a Reserve Bank of India directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign currency at international rates from January this year.

Courses of Action:

  1. The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended.
  2. The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows.

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10.

Statement: The Finance Minister submits his resignation a month before the new budget is to be presented in the Parliament.

Courses of Action:

  1. The resignation should be accepted and another person should be appointed as the Finance Minister.
  2. The resignation should not be accepted.

A.
Only I follows
B.
Only II follows
C.
Either I or II follows
D.
Neither I nor II follows
E.
Both I and II follow

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, an already working Finance Minister shall know better all the plans and resources of the Government and he alone can present a suitable budget. So, course II follows.

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Direction (for Q.No. 11):
Look carefully for the pattern, and then choose which pair of numbers comes next.
11.

3 8 10 15 17 22 24

A.
26 28
B.
29 34
C.
29 31
D.
26 31
E.
26 32

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

This is an alternating addition series that adds 5, then 2, then 5, and so on.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 12 - 14):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

12.

Statement: Should children be legally made responsible to take care of their parents during their old age?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. Such matter can only be solved by legal means.
  2. Yes. Only this will bring some relief to poor parents.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Taking care of the parents is a moral duty of the children and cannot be thrust upon them legally, nor such a compulsion can ensure good care of the old people. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

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13.

Statement: Should adult education programme be given priority over compulsory education programme?

Arguments:

  1. No. It will also help in success of compulsory education programme.
  2. Yes. It will help to eliminate the adult illiteracy.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, argument I gives a reason in support of the statement and so it does not hold strong against it. The adult education programme needs to be given priority because it shall eliminate adult illiteracy and thus help in further spread of education. So, only argument II is strong enough.

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14.

Statement: Should Doordarshan be given autonomous status?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. It will help Doordarshan to have fair and impartial coverage of all important events.
  2. No. The coverage of events will be decided by a few who may not have healthy outlook.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, the autonomous status of the Doordarshan will be a step towards giving it independence for an impartial coverage. Autonomous status does not mean that the coverage will be decided by a few. So, only argument I holds.

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Direction (for Q.Nos. 15 - 16):

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

15.

Statement: Should higher education be restricted to only those who can bear the expenditure?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. Higher education is very costly; hence it should not be given free.
  2. No. There are a large number of brilliant students who cannot afford to pay and they should be given higher education.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

For the all-round progress of the nation, all the students, especially the talented and intelligent ones, must avail of higher education, even if the government has to pay for it. So, only argument II holds.

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16.

Statement: Should government stop spending huge amounts of money on international sports?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. This money can be utilized for upliftment of the poor.
  2. No. Sports persons will be frustrated and will not get international exposure.

A.
Only argument I is strong
B.
Only argument II is strong
C.
Either I or II is strong
D.
Neither I nor II is strong
E.
Both I and II are strong

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, spending money on sports cannot be avoided merely because it can be spent on socio-economic problems. So, argument I does not hold. Also, if the expenses on sports are curtailed, the sports persons would face lack of facilities and training and our country will lag behind in the international sports competitions. So, II holds.

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Direction (for Q.No. 17):
Three of the words will be in the same classification, the remaining one will not be. Your answer will be the one word that does NOT belong in the same classification as the others.
17.

Which word does NOT belong with the others?

A.
cornea
B.
retina
C.
pupil
D.
vision

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The cornea, retina, and pupil are all parts of the eye.

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Direction (for Q.No. 18):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

18.

Statement: "This drink can be had either as it is, or after adding ice to it." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. People differ in their preferences.
  2. Some people will get attracted to the drink as it can be had as it is.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The advertisement tells the different ways in which the drink can be had. This means that different people prefer to have it in a different way and that some people would prefer it only because it can be taken in a particular manner. So, both I and II are implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 19):

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

19.

Statement: The government has decided to hold the employers responsible for deducting tax at source for all its employees.

Assumptions:

  1. The employers may still not arrange to deduct tax at source for its employees.
  2. The employees may not allow the employers to deduct tax at source.

A.
Only assumption I is implicit
B.
Only assumption II is implicit
C.
Either I or II is implicit
D.
Neither I nor II is implicit
E.
Both I and II are implicit

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Such decisions are implemented by the government as laws, which are binding on both the employers and the employees. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

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Direction (for Q.No. 20):

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

20.

Statement: The Reserve Bank of India has directed the banks to refuse fresh loans to major defaulters.

Assumptions:

  1. The banks may still give loans to the defaulters.
  2. The defaulters may repay the earlier loan to get fresh loan.
  3. The banks may recover the bad loans through such harsh measures.

A.
None is implicit
B.
Only I and II are implicit
C.
All are implicit
D.
Only II and III are implicit
E.
None of these

Your Answer: Option (Not Answered)

Correct Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Clearly, loans to only major defaulters is being refused. So, the banks may still give loans to some defaulters. Thus, I is implicit. Also, the RBI's decision is a measure to recover the previous loans, since one would have to clear the old debts so as to get a fresh loan. So, both II and III are also implicit.

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