Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.


Statement: The present examination system needs overhauling thoroughly.


  1. The present examination system is obsolete.
  2. Overhauling results in improvement.

[A]. Only assumption I is implicit
[B]. Only assumption II is implicit
[C]. Either I or II is implicit
[D]. Neither I nor II is implicit
[E]. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E


The 'thorough' overhauling is needed only in case of an obsolete system. So, I is implicit. Overhauling is done for improvement. So, II is also implicit.

Irtiza said: (Feb 7, 2014)  
Overhauling is an investigation and assessment of any routine or procedure under implementation. If the examination system in this question was a novel practice or revision, one could call an overhauling an a simple assessment or check to ensure that all the required elements are present and functional, and compare favorably with other systems. Hence you cannot always claim that an overhauling will be a cause for improvement, particularly in situations where none can be made.

Matt said: (Jul 15, 2016)  
I have to disagree with E being the correct answer. "The present examination system is obsolete" isn't necessarily implied since the reason it needs to be overhauled may not be because it's obsolete, but inefficient, time consuming, ect. Thus I believe the correct answer should be B.

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