Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

16. 

Statement: "As our business is expanding, we need to appoint more staff." Owner of a company informs his staff.

Assumptions:

  1. The present staff is not competent.
  2. More staff will further expand the business.
  3. Suitable persons to be taken as staff will be available.

A. None is implicit
B. Only I is implicit
C. Only II is implicit
D. Only III is implicit
E. All are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement mentions that the present staff is insufficient, not incompetent. So, I is not implicit. Also, the purpose for appointing more staff is to control the expanding business, not to expand it further. So, II is not implicit. Since the company owner talks of appointing more staff, so III is implicit.

17. 

Statement: The address of the Principal to the students, "Dear students, if you want a healthy mind, listen to music."

Assumptions:

  1. Normally students like to follow good advice.
  2. It is desirable to develop a healthy mind.
  3. It is the duty of the Principal to advise the students.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. None is implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The Principal has advised the students regarding their welfare. This implies that students like to follow good advice. So, I is implicit. Since the Principal stresses on having 'a healthy mind', it implies that students desire for the same. So, II is implicit. However, the Principal has given the advice out of deep concern for his students and not because it is his duty. So, III is not implicit.

18. 

Statement: The national air carrier has decided to start a weekly air service from town A to town B.

Assumptions:

  1. There will be enough passengers to make the operation economically viable.
  2. Other carriers may not start such service.
  3. The people staying around these towns can afford the cost of air travel.

A. Only I is implicit
B. Only I and II are implicit
C. Only II and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The firm has decided to start the air service. This implies that there are enough passengers and people in towns A and B can afford to travel by air. So, I and III are implicit. Assumption II is vague and so it is not implicit.

19. 

Statement: 'Move into the upper echelons without paying a steep price - Book a luxurious flat with us'. An advertisement of a construction company for its prestigious project.

Assumptions:

  1. It is possible to join the select band of rich people by hard work.
  2. Staying in luxury without paying steep price is the criterion of upper crust of the society.
  3. Booking a luxurious flat is very easy now.

A. None is implicit
B. Only II is implicit
C. Only III is implicit
D. Only II and III are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The statement advocates that a person can upgrade to a high life style by paying a low price to book a luxurious, upper-class flat. S6, III is implicit, However, nothing about the nature of the upper-class or the ways of becoming rich can be assumed from the given statement. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

20. 

Statement: The school authority decided to open a summer school this year in the school compound for the students in the age range of 7 - 14 years.

Assumptions:

  1. All the students will attend the summer school.
  2. All the parents will prefer to remain in the city than going out of town for enabling their children to attend the summer school.
  3. Those who cannot afford to go out of station will send their children to summer school.

A. None is implicit
B. Only II is implicit
C. Only II and III are implicit
D. Only III is implicit
E. All are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement talks of the policy of opening a summer school. But the response of the children and their parents cannot be deduced from it. So, none is implicit.