# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

### Exercise :: Statement and Assumption - Section 4

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

11.

Statement: The office building needs repairing just as urgently as it needs internal as well as external painting.

Assumptions:

1. Efficiency of people working in the office cannot be improved unless office building is repaired.
2. Repairing and painting of office building require funds.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Clearly, nothing can be deduced regarding the effect of repairs of office building on efficiency of workers, or the requirement of funds for repairs, from the given statement. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

12.

Statement: The private bus service in the city has virtually collapsed because of the ongoing strike of its employees.

Assumptions:

1. Going on strikes has become the right of every employee.
2. People no more require the services of private bus operators.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Since both the assumptions do not follow from the given statement, so neither I nor II is implicit.

13.

Statement: Neither fascism nor communism has any chance of succeeding in America.

Assumptions:

1. American people are strongly in favour of preserving the rights of the individual.
2. Americans have so far not suffered any pangs of poverty or deprivation.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Clearly, fascism and communism are against the preservation of individual rights. So, I is implicit. Nothing is mentioned about the economic condition of America. So, II is not implicit.

14.

Statement: Amongst newspapers, I always read the National Times.

Assumptions:

1. The National Times gives very comprehensive news.
2. Some people prefer other newspapers.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

The statement does not mention any quality of the National Times. So, I is not implicit. According to the statement, amongst all newspapers, the narrator reads the National Times. This means that some people read other newspapers. So, II is implicit.

15.

Statement: "Get rid of your past for future, get our new generation fridge at a discount in exchange of old"- An advertisement.

Assumptions:

1. The sales of the new fridge may increase in the coming months.
2. People prefer to exchange future with past.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit