Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

11. 

Statement: The office building needs repairing just as urgently as it needs internal as well as external painting.

Assumptions:

  1. Efficiency of people working in the office cannot be improved unless office building is repaired.
  2. Repairing and painting of office building require funds.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, nothing can be deduced regarding the effect of repairs of office building on efficiency of workers, or the requirement of funds for repairs, from the given statement. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

12. 

Statement: The private bus service in the city has virtually collapsed because of the ongoing strike of its employees.

Assumptions:

  1. Going on strikes has become the right of every employee.
  2. People no more require the services of private bus operators.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Since both the assumptions do not follow from the given statement, so neither I nor II is implicit.

13. 

Statement: Neither fascism nor communism has any chance of succeeding in America.

Assumptions:

  1. American people are strongly in favour of preserving the rights of the individual.
  2. Americans have so far not suffered any pangs of poverty or deprivation.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, fascism and communism are against the preservation of individual rights. So, I is implicit. Nothing is mentioned about the economic condition of America. So, II is not implicit.

14. 

Statement: Amongst newspapers, I always read the National Times.

Assumptions:

  1. The National Times gives very comprehensive news.
  2. Some people prefer other newspapers.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement does not mention any quality of the National Times. So, I is not implicit. According to the statement, amongst all newspapers, the narrator reads the National Times. This means that some people read other newspapers. So, II is implicit.

15. 

Statement: "Get rid of your past for future, get our new generation fridge at a discount in exchange of old"- An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. The sales of the new fridge may increase in the coming months.
  2. People prefer to exchange future with past.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, the scheme would encourage those owning an old fridge to go for a new one at a reasonable price without the hassles of disposing off the old one. So, I is implicit. Besides, an advertisement highlights that which appeals to masses and which customers crave for. So, II is also implicit.