Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

16. 

Statement: The higher echelons of any organization are expected to be models of observational learning and should not be considered as merely sources of reward and punishments.

Assumptions:

  1. Employees are likely to be sensitive enough to learn by observing the behaviour of their bosses.
  2. Normally bosses are considered as sources of reward and punishment.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The statement advises people not to consider their bosses as mere 'supervisors' to control and assess their acts, but as 'models' to imitate in their working. So, both I and II are implicit.

17. 

Statement: The new education policy envisages major modifications in the education system.

Assumptions:

  1. Present education system is inconsistent with national needs.
  2. Present education system needs change.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, modifications are made in present system finding that it was inconsistent with the needs and required to be changed. So, both I and II are implicit.

18. 

Statement: "Fly X airways whenever you decide to go places. Our fares are less than train fares."- An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. People prefer to travel by air when the fares are reasonable.
  2. The fares of other airlines are costlier than those of X airways.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The advertisement highlights the fact that fares of X airways are less than train fares. This implies that people would prefer to travel by air rather than by train if they do not have to pay extra for it. So I is implicit. Besides, this feature also reveals that fares of X airways are lower than those of other airlines. So, II is also implicit.

19. 

Statement: "The programme will start at 6 p.m. but you can come there up to 7 p.m. or so and still there is no problem."

Assumptions:

  1. The programme will continue even after 7 p.m.
  2. The programme may not even start by that time.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement mentions that there is no problem if one comes upto 7 p.m. also. This means that the programme will continue even after 7 p.m. So, I is implicit. Also, it is clearly mentioned that the programme will start at 6 p.m. So, II is not implicit.

20. 

Statement: An advertisement: If you want to follow the footprints of an ideal leader, wear 'X' brand of shoes.

Assumptions:

  1. Most people like to become ideal leaders.
  2. One can't become ideal leader unless one wears X brand of shoes.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, the advertisement mentioned here is merely a catchy slogan, and attempt has been made to touch the deep desire of the masses to draw their attention towards the product. So, only I is implicit.