Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

41. 

Statement: The city bus transport corporation has decided to change routes of three buses plying between paints A and B in the city to make them economically viable.

Assumptions:

  1. These buses may get more passengers on the revised routes.
  2. Many people residing on the old routes may not avail bus services.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement mentions that the routes have been so changed as to make them economically viable. This means that new stoppages have been so selected as to cater to a larger number of people than before. So, I is implicit. Further, the people already travelling by these buses would not be devoid of the same and they would also get the facility in their vicinity, be it the same bus or another one. So, II is not implicit.

42. 

Statement: The patient's condition would improve after operation.

Assumptions:

  1. The patient can be operated upon in this condition.
  2. The patient cannot be operated upon in this condition.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The fact that patient's condition would improve after the operation clearly implies that the patient can be operated upon in this condition. So, I is implicit.

43. 

Statement: Provide mid-day meals to the children in primary schools to increase the number of students attending schools.

Assumptions:

  1. Mid-day meals will attract the children to the schools.
  2. Those children who are otherwise deprived of good food will attend the schools.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Providing mid-day meals would attract more number of children as an added privilege and not because the children are deprived of good meals at home. So, only I is implicit.

44. 

Statement: This year most of the shops and departmental stores are offering prizes and discounts on purchases to attract customers.

Assumptions:

  1. The shops and departmental stores have so far earned a lot of profit, so now they have started sharing it with the customers.
  2. Lots of goods are available but the sale is not shooting up. There is no cheer for the customers.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

That someone has earned a lot is no reason to share the profit margin with the customers. So, I is not implicit. Clearly, the offers have been announced to attract more customers and boost up the sale. So, II is implicit.

45. 

Statement: In case of any difficulty about this case, you may contact our company's lawyer.

Assumptions:

  1. Each company has a lawyer of its own.
  2. The company's lawyer is thoroughly briefed about this case.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

No decision can be made regarding other companies. So, I is not implicit. Since one is advised to contact the company's lawyer in case of any problem, it means that the lawyer is fully acquainted with the case. So, II is implicit.