Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

46. 

Statement: Imprisonment for 27 years made Nelson Mandela, the President.

Assumptions:

  1. Only who will be imprisoned for 27 years will become the President.
  2. To become the President, imprisonment is a qualification.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The statement implies that it was not 'literally' imprisonment, but Nelson Mandela's dedicated service to the nation and his struggle for freedom despite various hardships that won him the desired public appeal to be elected the President. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

47. 

Statement: Nobody can predict as to how long our country would take to contain the unfortunate and disastrous terrorist activities.

Assumptions:

  1. It is impossible to put on end to terrorist activities
  2. Efforts to control the terrorist activities are on.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement expresses concern over the issue as to when our country would be able to curb terrorism completely. This means that efforts are on and it is quite possible to put an end to terrorist activities although it could take longer. So, only II is implicit.

48. 

Statement: The management of XYZ Pvt. Ltd. asked the workers' union to call off strike immediately otherwise the management would be forced to close down the factory.

Assumptions:

  1. No alternative other than closing down the factory is left for the management of XYZ Pvt. Ltd
  2. Such threat may have some effect on the workers' union.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Such a warning is usually given to the workers to threaten them that they would lose their job and income forever if they didn't mend their ways. So, only II is implicit.

49. 

Statement: The end of a financial year is the ideal time to take a look at the performance of various companies.

Assumptions:

  1. All the companies take such a review at the end of a financial year.
  2. The performance data of various companies is available.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Since both I and II follow from the given statement, so both are implicit.

50. 

Statement: The party president has directed that no member of the party will give press briefing or interviews to governments and private T.V. channels about the discussion in scheduled meeting of the party.

Assumptions:

  1. Party members will observe this directive of the president.
  2. The general public will not come to know about the happenings in the scheduled meeting of the party.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, the party president lays down the policies for its members. So, I is implicit. Also, when no party member would publicly reveal the happenings in the meeting, nobody will come to know. So, II is also implicit.

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