Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

26. 

Statement: Please consult us before making any decision on investment.

Assumptions:

  1. You may take a wrong decision if you don't consult us.
  2. It is important to take a right decision.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, the statement was spoken for fear that the other person may take a wrong decision. So, I is implicit. Again, the statement confirms that it is important to take the right decision. So, II is also implicit.

27. 

Statement: The Parent Teacher Association (PTA) of a school has informed the Principal that they will not send their children to the school unless the school - authority reduces the fees with immediate effect.

Assumptions:

  1. Majority of the parents may agree with the PTA and may not send their wards with the school
  2. The school authority may accede to the demand of the PTA and reduce the fees.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The PTA is an association which would surely reflect the parents' interests and act to get them fulfilled. So, both I and II are implicit.

28. 

Statement: "Those who are appearing for this examination for the first time should be helped in filling up the form." - An instruction to invigilating staff.

Assumptions:

  1. The form is somewhat complicated.
  2. Candidates can appear more than once for this examination.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement mentions that only those students are to be helped who are filling up the form for the first time. This does not mean that the form is complicated/So, I is not implicit. However, II follows from the statement and so is implicit.

29. 

Statement: Success is how much a person bounces up after hitting the bottom.

Assumptions:

  1. Success requires conscious efforts without being discouraged by failure.
  2. Failure cannot be considered an acceptable thing.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement defines 'Success' as 'bouncing up'. This means that success can be achieved by striving hard to touch the top, without being harassed by any of the hurdles which come in the way. So, I is implicit. The fact in II cannot be assumed from the given statement.

30. 

Statement: The company has the right to reject any application form without furnishing any reason while sorting the list of candidates for interview - A condition mentioned in the employment notice.

Assumptions:

  1. It is desirable to call only eligible candidates for interview.
  2. The company believes in following impartial practice in all its functions.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

. Since the statement talks of the company short-listing the candidates to be called for interview, so I is implicit. However, nothing can be deduced about whether the company would make a partial or fair selection of candidates. So, II is not implicit.