Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion

Exercise :: Statement and Conclusion - Section 1

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

31. 

Statements: Any student who does not behave properly while in the school brings bad name to himself and also for the school.

Conclusions:

  1. Such student should be removed from the school.
  2. Stricter discipline does not improve behaviour of the students.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, I cannot be deduced from the statement. Also, nothing about discipline is mentioned in the statement. So, neither I nor II follows.

32. 

Statements: A Corporate General Manager asked four managers to either submit their resignations by the next day or face termination orders from service. Three of them had submitted their resignations by that evening.

Conclusions:

  1. The next day, the remaining manager would also resign.
  2. The General Manager would terminate his services the next day.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

It is mentioned in the statement that either the managers should resign by the next day or their services would be terminated. So, either I or II follows.

33. 

Statements: Only good singers are invited in the conference. No one without sweet voice is a good singer.

Conclusions:

  1. All invited singers in the conference have sweet voice.
  2. Those singers who do not have sweet voice are not invited in the conference.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The statement asserts that a good singer always has a sweet voice and only good singers are invited in the conference. This implies that all those invited in the conference have sweet voice and those who do not have sweet voice are not invited. So, both I and II follow.

34. 

Statements: To cultivate interest in reading, the school has made it compulsory from June this year for each student to read two books per week and submit a weekly report on the books.

Conclusions:

  1. Interest in reading can be created by force.
  2. Some students will eventually develop interest in reading.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, the new scheme intends to develop interest in reading by incorporating the habit in their routine. So, only II follows while I does not.

35. 

Statements: Applications of applicants who do no fulfil eligibility criteria and/or who do not submit applications before last date will be summarily rejected and will not be called for the written test.

Conclusions:

  1. Those who are called for the written test are those who fulfil eligibility criteria and have submitted their applications before last date.
  2. Written test will be held only after scrutiny of applications.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The statement clearly mentions that fulfilling the eligibility criteria and submitting the application before the stipulated date are both essential to avoid rejection. So, I follows. Also, since it is given that the candidates whose applications are rejected shall not be called for written test, so II also follows.