Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion

Exercise : Statement and Conclusion - Section 1
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.


36.

Statements: Recent trends also indicate that the number of child migrants in large cities is increasing. These children leave their families to join the ranks of urban poor doing odd jobs in markets, workshops, hotels or in service sectors.

Conclusions:

  1. Migration to big cities should be checked.
  2. The plight of poor children should be thoroughly studied.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The statement mentions the problem of increased migration of children to cities. But the ways to deal with the problem cannot be deduced from it. So, neither I nor II follows.

37.

Statements: No country is absolutely self-dependent these days.

Conclusions:

  1. It is impossible to grow and produce all that a country needs.
  2. Countrymen in general have become lazy.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, only I provides a suitable explanation to the given statement. So, only I follows.

38.

Statements: The percentage of the national income shared by the top 10 per cent of households in India is 35.

Conclusions:

  1. When an economy grows fast, concentration of wealth in certain pockets of population takes place.
  2. The national income is unevenly distributed in India.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Nothing about the growth of economy is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow. Also, it is given that 35 per cent of national income is shared by 10 per cent of households. This indicates unequal distribution. So, II follows.

39.

Statements: Players who break various records in a fair way get special prizes. Player X broke the world record but was found to be under the influence of a prohibited drug.

Conclusions:

  1. X will get the special prize.
  2. X will not get the special prize.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, X will not get the special prize because although he broke the world record, he was found to use unfair means. So, II follows while I does not.

40.

Statements: Company X has marketed the product. Go ahead; purchase it if price and quality are your considerations.

Conclusions:

  1. The product must be good in quality.
  2. The price of the product must be reasonable.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
It is mentioned in the statement that one who considers price and quality before buying a product should buy the product of company X. So, both I and II follow.