Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion

Exercise : Statement and Conclusion - Section 1
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.


41.

Statements: Quality has a price tag. India is allocating lots of funds to education.

Conclusions:

  1. Quality of education in India would improve soon.
  2. Funding alone can enhance quality of education.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
According to the statement, funding is necessary to improve quality and India is allocating funds to education. This means that quality of education will improve in India. So, I follows. But funding alone is sufficient to enhance quality, is not true. So, II does not follow.

42.

Statements: Although we have rating agencies like Crisil, ICRA, there is demand to have a separate rating agency for IT companies to protect investors.

Conclusions:

  1. Assessment of financial worth of IT companies calls for separate set of skills, insight and competencies.
  2. Now the investors investing in IT companies will get protection of their investment.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The need for separate rating agency for IT companies clearly indicates that such assessment requires a separate set of skills. So, I follows. However, the statement indicates only the need or demand and neither the future course of action nor its after-effects can be judged. So, II does not follow.

43.

Statements: The standard of education in private schools is much better than Municipal and Zila Parishad-run schools.

Conclusions:

  1. The Municipal and Zila Pariskad should make serious efforts to improve standard of their schools.
  2. All Municipal and Zila Parishad schools should be closed immediately.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Clearly, the solution to the problem is not to close down the Municipal and Zila Parishad-run schools but to strive to improve the standard of education of these schools. So, only I follows while II does not.

44.

Statements: All the organised persons find time for rest. Sunita, in spite of her very busy schedule, finds time for rest.

Conclusions:

  1. Sunita is an organised person.
  2. Sunita is an industrious person.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Sunita has a very busy schedule. This means that she is industrious. But still she finds time for rest. This means that she is an organised person. So, both I and II follow.

45.

Statements: Domestic demand has been increasing faster than the production of indigenous crude oil.

Conclusions:

  1. Crude oil must be imported.
  2. Domestic demand should be reduced.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The statement mentions that demand for oil is increasing faster than the production. So, either the demand must be reduced or oil must be imported to cope with the increasing demand. Thus, either I or II follows.