Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion

Exercise :: Statement and Conclusion - Section 1

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

46. 

Statements: He stressed the need to stop the present examination system and its replacement by other methods which would measure the real merit of the students.

Conclusions:

  1. Examinations should be abolished.
  2. The present examination system does not measure the real merit of the students.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement stresses the need to adopt a new method of examination. So, I does not follow. However, II directly follows from the given statement.

47. 

Statements: Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months.

Conclusions:

  1. Fashion designers do not understand the public mind very well.
  2. The public by and large is highly susceptible to novelty.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement asserts that people cannot stand any particular trend for long and seek change quite often. So, only II follows.

48. 

Statements: Until our country achieves economic equality, political freedom and democracy would be meaningless.

Conclusions:

  1. Political freedom and democracy go hand in hand.
  2. Economic equality leads to real political freedom and democracy.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Nothing about the relation between political freedom and democracy is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow. But II directly follows from the given statement.

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