# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion

Exercise : Statement and Conclusion - Section 1
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

• (A) If only conclusion I follows
• (B) If only conclusion II follows
• (C) If either I or II follows
• (D) If neither I nor II follows and
• (E) If both I and II follow.

46.

Statements: He stressed the need to stop the present examination system and its replacement by other methods which would measure the real merit of the students.

Conclusions:

1. Examinations should be abolished.
2. The present examination system does not measure the real merit of the students.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The statement stresses the need to adopt a new method of examination. So, I does not follow. However, II directly follows from the given statement.

47.

Statements: Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months.

Conclusions:

1. Fashion designers do not understand the public mind very well.
2. The public by and large is highly susceptible to novelty.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The statement asserts that people cannot stand any particular trend for long and seek change quite often. So, only II follows.

48.

Statements: Until our country achieves economic equality, political freedom and democracy would be meaningless.

Conclusions:

1. Political freedom and democracy go hand in hand.
2. Economic equality leads to real political freedom and democracy.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Nothing about the relation between political freedom and democracy is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow. But II directly follows from the given statement.