# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion

Exercise : Statement and Conclusion - Section 3
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

• (A) If only conclusion I follows
• (B) If only conclusion II follows
• (C) If either I or II follows
• (D) If neither I nor II follows and
• (E) If both I and II follow.

1.

Statements: The best evidence of India's glorious past is the growing popularity of Ayurvedic medicines in the West.

Conclusions:

1. Ayurvedic medicines are not popular in India.
2. Allopathic medicines are more popular in India.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Explanation:
The popularity of Ayurvedic or allopathic medicines in India is not being talked about in the statement. So, neither I nor II follows.

2.

Statements: Death keeps no calendar.

Conclusions:

1. Man must die one day.
2. Death can come at any time.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Explanation:
Both I and II directly follow from the statement.

3.

Statements: Wind is an inexhaustible source of energy and an aerogenerator can convert it into electricity. Though not much has been done in this field, the survey shows that there is vast potential for developing wind as alternative source of energy.

Conclusions:

1. Energy by wind is comparatively newly emerging field.
2. The energy crisis can be dealt by exploring more in the field of aero-generation.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Explanation:
The phrase 'not much has been done in this field' indicates that wind energy is a comparatively newly emerging field. So, I follows. The expression 'there is vast potential for developing wind as alternative source of energy' proves II to be true.

4.

Statements: The average number of persons per household is 5 in urban areas whereas it is 7 in rural areas. The national average is 6.

Conclusions:

1. The population per unit area in the rural areas is higher than in the urban areas.
2. More persons live in the same household in the rural areas as compared to those in the urban areas.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Explanation:
The population per household and not the population per unit area is being talked about in the statement. So, only II follows while I does not.

5.

Statements: The best way to escape from a problem is to solve it.

Conclusions:

1. Your life will be dull if you don't face a problem.
2. To escape from problems, you should always have some solutions with you.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow