Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

41. 

Statement: "Though the candidates have been instructed to bring pencils, yet provide some pencils with each invigilator." - An instruction to test administration staff.

Assumptions:

  1. Pencils are in short supply.
  2. All the candidates will bring the pencil.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Nothing about the availability of pencils is mentioned in the statement. So, I is not implicit. Also, in the statement, the staff has been instructed to provide pencils with each invigilator. This means that despite being instructed, all the candidates might not bring the pencil. So, II is also not implicit.

42. 

Statement: "If you want timely completion of work, provide independent cabins," - An employee tells the Director of a Company.

Assumptions:

  1. There are not enough cabins.
  2. Others' presence hinders timely completion of work.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The statement clearly hints at the need for cabins. So, I is implicit. Since independent cabins are expected to improve efficiency, it means that others' presence hinders work. So, II is also implicit.

43. 

Statement: No regular funds have been provided for welfare activities in this year's budget of the factory.

Assumptions:

  1. The factory does not desire to carry out welfare this year.
  2. Budgetary provision is necessary for carrying put welfare activities.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The non-provision of funds for welfare activities in the budget clearly indicates the factory's intention to not carry out such activities in the current year. So, I is implicit. Also, welfare activities cannot be carried out in organisations without the allocation of funds for the same in the budget. So, II is also implicit.

44. 

Statement: The host in one of the popular T.V. programmes announced that the channel will contact the viewers between 9.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. on weekdays and the lucky ones will be given fabulous prizes.

Assumptions:

  1. The people may remain indoors to receive the phone call.
  2. More people may start watching the programme.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, the organisers of the programme have adopted the viewer interaction scheme and announced prizes for some lucky viewers so that more people are enticed into staying at home and viewing the programme. So, both I and II are implicit.

45. 

Statement: The electric supply corporation has decided to open a few more collection centres in the business district area.

Assumptions:

  1. The people in the area may welcome the decision.
  2. Henceforth there may be less time required by the customers for paying electricity bill.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, more collection centres would enable the common people to pay their bills easily, conveniently and quickly and this would cause them to welcome the idea. So, both I and II are implicit.