Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

36. 

Statement: "Everyone desires to buy a personal computer", statement of a college student.

Assumptions:

  1. Personal computers are not a need but a luxury.
  2. Use of personal computers improves quality of skill.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Nothing about the need or utility of personal computers can be deduced from the given statement. So, neither I nor II is implicit.

37. 

Statement: "It has become a necessity to computerize all the functions of our Institute to maintain the present position." - A statement of the Director of XYZ Institute.

Assumptions:

  1. Unless computerized, the Institute will fall behind the race.
  2. The functions of the Institute are too complex to be handled manually.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The Director asserts that computerization is essential to maintain the present state of affairs in future. This means that the Institute will lag behind in the absence of computerisation. This in turn implies that the functions of the Institute are too cumbersome and time-consuming and can be handled in time only through computers. So, both I and II are implicit.

38. 

Statement: The product X that you have asked for is not with us but can be made available against firm order from you.

Assumptions:

  1. The product X is not in great demand.
  2. The product X is out of stock as new model is coming up.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement mentions that the seller does not keep product X in ready stock and intends to provide the same only against a confirmed order from the customer. So, I is implicit However, II appears to be vague in this context.

39. 

Statement: "X air-conditioner - the largest selling name with the largest range." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. X air-conditioner is the only one with wide variations.
  2. There is a demand of air-conditioners in the market.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, the advertisement does not mention the word 'only' i.e. other air-conditioners may also have wide variations. So, I is not implicit. Also, the advertisement is given so that the people know about that which they demand. So, II is implicit.

40. 

Statement: Ministry has announced an economic package to support the voluntary organisations. - An official notice,

Assumptions:

  1. Voluntary organisations do not need such support.
  2. Government was not supporting the voluntary organisations earlier.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Since the Ministry has decided to support the voluntary organisations, it is quite probable that they are in need of it. So, I is not implicit. Further, since the economic package for the voluntary organisations has been announced recently, it can be assumed that no such support was given to them earlier. So, II is implicit.