# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

### Exercise :: Statement and Assumption - Section 4

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

31.

Statement: Equality of income throughout a community is the essential condition for maximising the total utility which the total income available could confer on the members of that community.

Assumptions:

1. If extra income were taken from the rich and given to the poor, the total utility experienced by the community would increase.
2. Equal pay for equal work.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

The total utility can be maximised by equality of income throughout the community, i.e., by giving extra income from the rich to the poor. So, I is implicit. Also, II pertains to economic right and is not concerned with equality of income throughout the community. So, it is not implicit.

32.

Statement: "Present day education is in shambles and the country is going to the dogs."

Assumptions:

1. A good education system is essential for the well-being of a nation.
2. A good education alone is sufficient for the well-being of a nation.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Clearly, the statement mentions the degradation of the country with the disruption of the education system. So, I is implicit, However, it does not mean that education alone is sufficient and no other factor is responsible for the well being of the nation. So, II is not implicit.

33.

Statement: If the city bus which runs between Ram Nagar and Sant Colony is extended to Vasant Vihar, it will be convenient. - Appeal of residents of Ram Nagar to the city bus company.

Assumptions:

1. The convenience of the city bus company is much more important than the needs of the consumers.
2. The city bus company is indifferent to the aspirations of the residents of Sant Colony.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

Clearly, the city bus company is meant to provide bus services according to the needs of the local residents and not as per their own convenience. So, I is not implicit. Again, the statement talks of an appeal of a resident of Ram/Nagar. So, nothing can be said about the company's response to appeals of the Residents of Sant Colony. So, II is also not implicit.

34.

Statement: If Rajan has finished reading the instructions, then let him begin the activities accordingly.

Assumptions:

1. Rajan would understand the instructions.
2. Rajan is capable of performing the activities.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

According to the statement, Rajan can begin the activities according to the instructions. So, both I and II are implicit.

35.

Statement: The civic authority appealed to the people for reduction in usage of water as there may be an acute shortage during the coming weeks.

Assumptions:

1. There will be no rain in recent future.

 A. Only assumption I is implicit B. Only assumption II is implicit C. Either I or II is implicit D. Neither I nor II is implicit E. Both I and II are implicit