Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

6. 

Statement: The organization should promote employees on the basis of merit alone and not on the basis of length of service or seniority.

Assumptions:

  1. Length of service or seniority does not alone reflect merit of an employee.
  2. It is possible to determine and measure merit of an employee.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The statement stresses on the need to award promotion to a person who has been displaying remarkable talent and performing extraordinarily for the organisation rather than the one who has been working steadily for the organisation since long. Thus, length of service does not alone prove a man worthy. His talent and his performance are the criteria to be considered. So, both I and II are implicit.

7. 

Statement: "But out of A, B, C and D products, you buy B which alone is based on the international technology."- A shopkeeper tells a customer.

Assumptions:

  1. The customers normally accept the recommendation of the shopkeeper.
  2. Use of international technology is supposed to ensure better quality standards.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The shopkeeper tells the customer the merits and demerits of various products, thus making it easy for him to choose. So, I is implicit. Since the shopkeeper stresses on buying B because it is based on international technology, so II is also implicit.

8. 

Statement: "If you want to give any advertisement, give it in the newspaper X." - A tells B.

Assumptions:

  1. B wants to publicise his products.
  2. Newspaper X has a wide circulation.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The word 'If in the statement shows that B may or may not want to publicise his products. So I is not implicit. It is advised that advertisements be given in newspaper X. This means that X will help advertise better i.e., it has wider circulation. So, II is implicit.

9. 

Statement: Kartik left for Delhi on Tuesday by train to attend a function to be held on Friday at his uncle's house in Delhi.

Assumptions:

  1. Kartik may reach Delhi on Wednesday.
  2. Kartik may reach Delhi before Friday.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, it cannot be deduced as to which day Kartik would reach Delhi. But Kartik has left for Delhi to attend a function to be held on Friday. So, he must have planned his journey to reach Delhi before Friday. Thus, only II is implicit.

10. 

Statement: "Avon Cycles - Fast, easy to ride, impressive, reliable, crafted and up-to-date automation." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. There is no other cycle with any of these features.
  2. People do not bother about the cost.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The advertisement is for Avon cycles and nothing about the cost or the features of other brands of cycles, is mentioned. So, neither I nor II is implicit.