Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

41. 

Statement: Because of the large number of potholes in road X, reaching airport in time has become difficult.

Assumptions:

  1. Reaching airport in time may not be always necessary.
  2. There is no other convenient road to the airport.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement presents the issue of 'not reaching airport in time' as a problem. This means that reaching airport in time is necessary. So, I is not implicit. Besides, it is mentioned that reaching airport in time has become difficult due to large number of potholes in road X. This implies that road X is the only possible way. So, II is implicit.

42. 

Statement: Safety and health practices in many Indian companies are well below the international standards.

Assumptions:

  1. International standards of health and safety are ideal and unrealistic.
  2. Indian organizations do not consider safety and health management as their prime social responsibility.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement talks about the safety and health practices in Indian companies being far below international standards. It is clearly a criticism of Indian organizations not paying considerable attention to these aspects. So, II is implicit. The international standards demand perfection and are, in no way, non-achievable. So, I is not implicit.

43. 

Statement: Greater public participation results in good civic governance. - Statement of Municipal Commissioner of City A.

Assumptions:

  1. The municipal office is not competent to effect good civic administration.
  2. Good civic governance is a matter of collective will and effort of the people and administration.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement stresses on the fact that though civic governance is the task of the municipal body, but all the tasks done come out to be more fruitful if the general public lends a helping hand in the same. So, only II is implicit.

44. 

Statement: The regulatory authority has set up a review committee to find out the reasons for unstable stock prices.

Assumptions:

  1. The investors may regain confidence in stock market by this decision.
  2. The review committee has the expertise to find out the causes for volatility in the stock market.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, I mentions the aim for which the step talked about in the statement, has been undertaken while II mentions the essential requirement for it. So, both I and II are implicit.

45. 

Statement: Please note that the company will provide accommodation to only outside candidates if selected.' - A condition in an advertisement.

Assumptions:

  1. The local candidates would be having some other arrangement for their stay.
  2. The company plans to select only local candidates.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement mentions that the company intends to provide accommodation only to outside candidates. This means that local candidates would have to arrange accommodation on their own and that the company may select local as well as outside candidates. Thus, only I is implicit.