Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

36. 

Statement: Of all the radio sets manufactured in India, the 'X' brand has the largest sale.

Assumptions:

  1. The sale of all the radio sets manufactured in India is known.
  2. The manufacturing of no other radio set in India is as large as 'X' brand radio.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, the comparison could not be made without knowing the sale of all the radio sets. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions only that the sale is largest and nothing is mentioned about the manufacture. So, II is not implicit.

37. 

Statement: "You should not grant him leave in this week due to exigency of work." - A supervisor advises the administrative officer.

Assumptions:

  1. Request for leave can be turned down also.
  2. The supervisor has reviewed the work required to be done during the said period.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The advice is given to turn down the request for leave. So, I is implicit. The mention of the 'exigency of work' makes II implicit.

38. 

Statement: Like a mad man, I decided to follow him.

Assumptions:

  1. I am not a mad man.
  2. I am a mad man.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The words 'Like a mad man' show that either a person is really mad or he is not mad but acted like mad. So, either I or II is implicit.

39. 

Statement: The first step in treating addicts is to re-establish their lost ties, for which a continuous personal attention should be paid to the addicts under treatment.

Assumptions:

  1. Addicts under treatment respond better when shown personal interest.
  2. Addiction and strained relationships are intimately connected.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, treatment of addiction requires personal attention as the first step. So, I is implicit. Also, since intimacy and personal attention are required to treat addicts, it implies that addiction arises out of frustration due to strained relationships. So, II is also implicit.

40. 

Statement: Beware of dogs, our dogs do not bark, but they are trained to distinguish between genuine guests and intruders.

Assumptions:

  1. Barking dogs bite rarely.
  2. Our dogs could be dangerous for intruders.

A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The statement clearly warns the visitors to beware of dogs as they are trained to welcome the guests and intruders differently. So, II is implicit. I is vague and hence, it is not implicit.