# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument

### Exercise

"The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources."
- Albert Einstein

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

• (A) If only argument I is strong
• (B) If only argument II is strong
• (C) If either I or II is strong
• (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
• (E) If both I and II are strong.

1.

Statement: Should India encourage exports, when most things are insufficient for internal use itself?

Arguments:

1. Yes. We have to earn foreign exchange to pay for our imports.
2. No. Even selective encouragement would lead to shortages.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

2.

Statement: Should all the drugs patented and manufactured in Western countries be first tried out on sample basis before giving licence for sale to general public in India?

Arguments:

1. Yes. Many such drugs require different doses and duration for Indian population and hence it is necessary.
2. No. This is just not feasible and hence cannot be implemented.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

3.

Statement: Should India make efforts to harness solar energy to fulfil its energy requirements?

Arguments:

1. Yes, Most of the energy sources used at present is exhaustible.
2. No. Harnessing solar energy requires a lot of capital, which India lacks in.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

4.

Statement: Should there be students union in college/university?

Arguments:

1. No. This will create a political atmosphere in the campus.
2. Yes, it is very necessary Students are future political leaders.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong

5.

Statement: Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan?

Arguments:

1. No. Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India.
2. Yes. This would help settle conflicts.

 A. Only argument I is strong B. Only argument II is strong C. Either I or II is strong D. Neither I nor II is strong E. Both I and II are strong