Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument

Exercise :: Statement and Argument - Section 2

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

1. 

Statement: Are nuclear families better than joint families?

Arguments:

  1. No. Joint families ensure security and also reduce the burden of work.
  2. Yes. Nuclear families ensure greater freedom.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, with so many people around in a joint family, there is more security. Also, work is shared. So, argument I holds. In nuclear families, there are lesser number of people and so lesser responsibilities and more freedom. Thus, II also holds.

2. 

Statement: Should government stop spending huge amounts of money on international sports?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. This money can be utilized for upliftment of the poor.
  2. No. Sports persons will be frustrated and will not get international exposure.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, spending money on sports cannot be avoided merely because it can be spent on socio-economic problems. So, argument I does not hold. Also, if the expenses on sports are curtailed, the sports persons would face lack of facilities and training and our country will lag behind in the international sports competitions. So, II holds.

3. 

Statement: Should the railways immediately stop issuing free passes to all its employees?

Arguments:

  1. No. The employees have the right to travel free.
  2. Yes. This will help railways to provide better facility.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The free passes given to railway employees is a privilege for them, not their right. So, argument I does not hold. Argument II seems to be vague.

4. 

Statement: Should there be compulsory medical examination of both the man and the woman before they marry each other?

Arguments:

  1. No. This is an intrusion to the privacy of an individual and hence cannot be tolerated.
  2. Yes. This will substantially reduce the risk of giving birth to children with serious ailments.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, such a step would help to prevent the growth of diseases like AIDS. So, only argument II is strong.

5. 

Statement: Should there be a ban on product advertising?

Arguments:

  1. No. It is an age of advertising. Unless your advertisement is better than your other competitors, the product will not be sold.
  2. Yes. The money spent on advertising is very huge and it inflates the cost of the product.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, it is the advertisement which makes the customer aware of the qualities of the product and leads him to buy it. So, argument I is valid. But at the same time, advertising nowadays has become a costly affair and the expenses on it add to the price of the product. So, argument II also holds strong.

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