Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument

Exercise :: Statement and Argument - Section 2

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

46. 

Statement: Should public holidays be declared on demise of important national leaders?

Arguments:

  1. No. Such unscheduled holidays hamper national progress.
  2. Yes. People would like to pay their homage to the departed soul.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, unscheduled and untimely holidays would naturally cause the work to suffer. So, argument I holds strong. Also, a holiday is not necessary to pay homage to someone. So, argument II is vague.

47. 

Statement: Should India support all the international policies of United States of America?

Arguments:

  1. No. Many other powerful countries do not support the same.
  2. Yes. This is the only way to gain access to USA developmental funds.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Our country cannot support USA's policies blindly without analysis, just to gain monetary help. Also, we should not withdraw our support without considering the policies, just because some other nations have done so. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

48. 

Statement: Should words like 'Smoking is injurious to health essentially appear on cigarette packs?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. It is a sort of brainwash to make the smokers realize that they are inhaling poisonous stuff.
  2. No. It hampers the enjoyment of smoking.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, such words on cigarette packs would warn the smokers beforehand of its adverse effects. So, argument I holds strong. However, smoking is a bad habit with long-term health hazards and is no means of enjoyment. So, argument II is vague.

49. 

Statement: Should the council of ministers once appointed be kept the same for the entire period intervening two elections?

Arguments:

  1. No. Shuffling of ministers and portfolios is a healthy democratic process.
  2. Yes. The ministers do not get a hold on their portfolio unless they are kept for a longer duration.

A. Only argument I is strong
B. Only argument II is strong
C. Either I or II is strong
D. Neither I nor II is strong
E. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Shuffling of Cabinet ministers is just not a regular process, but a step to ensure proper working and implementation of schemes and avoid corruption. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

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