Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument

Exercise : Statement and Argument - Section 2
Directions to Solve

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

• (A) If only argument I is strong
• (B) If only argument II is strong
• (C) If either I or II is strong
• (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
• (E) If both I and II are strong.

41.

Statement: Should girls learn arts like judo and karate?

Arguments:

1. Yes. It will enable them to defend themselves from rogues and ruffians.
2. No. They will lose their feminine grace.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong
Explanation:
Learning martial arts is necessary for girls for self-defence. So, argument I holds. However, argument II is vague since a training in these arts has nothing to do with their feminine grace.

42.

Statement: Should India develop a national water grid by connecting all the rivers in the country?

Arguments:

1. No. This is not just possible as we do not have the technical knowhow.
2. Yes, this will greatly help the entire country by effectively channelizing the excess water to the areas having shortage.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong
Explanation:
A single network of all the rivers in the country would surely enable a good distribution of water to all areas, So, argument II holds strong. Also, a policy beneficial to the nation cannot be hindered owing to lack of knowhow. Ways can be devised to build up such a network. So, argument I is vague.

43.

Statement: Should individuals/institutes having treasures of national significance like Nobel Prizes, hand them over to the Central Government for their safe custody?

Arguments:

1. Yes. The individuals or institutions do not have enough resources to protect them.
2. No. These are the property of the individuals/institutions who win them and should be in their custody.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong
Explanation:
Clearly, the awards are given for individual excellence and perfection. So, only argument II holds strong.

44.

Statement: Should there be reservation of seats and posts on communal basis?

Arguments:

1. Yes. It will check most of the inter-communal biases.
2. No, ours is a secular state.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong
Explanation:
Clearly, reservations on communal basis will increase inter-communal biases. So, argument I is vague. Also it will be against the secular policy, according to which no communal group is given preference over the others. So, only argument II holds.

45.

Statement: Should octroi be abolished?

Arguments:

1. Yes. It will eliminate an important source of corruption.
2. No. It will adversely affect government revenues.
Only argument I is strong
Only argument II is strong
Either I or II is strong
Neither I nor II is strong
Both I and II are strong