Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

47. 

Statement: Should India support all the international policies of United States of America?

Arguments:

  1. No. Many other powerful countries do not support the same.
  2. Yes. This is the only way to gain access to USA developmental funds.

[A]. Only argument I is strong
[B]. Only argument II is strong
[C]. Either I or II is strong
[D]. Neither I nor II is strong
[E]. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Our country cannot support USA's policies blindly without analysis, just to gain monetary help. Also, we should not withdraw our support without considering the policies, just because some other nations have done so. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

Abinaya.A said: (May 3, 2014)  
Our country have our own policies. The need arises only due to some problems. So, according to my point option D is correct.

Dave said: (Sep 25, 2015)  
Like so many other explanations in this test, this is a moral statement not a logical deduction.

Argument I offers as a reason not to support all the international policies of the USA the predicate that many other powerful countries do not. If the statement is presumed to be correct then the example supports the conclusion "no". Thus it is a strong argument in answer to the question - whether it is an accurate answer is irrelevant.

Argument II is a strong argument because there is a binary choice of support for cash or no cash in the absence of support, and thus it supports the conclusion "yes". Assessment of the necessity or usefulness of the funds or some sort of nationalistic shame if funds are accepted is a completely separate matter.

Assefa said: (Feb 3, 2017)  
Good. Thanks @Dave.

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