Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

In each question below is given a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions, decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement and choose your answer accordingly.

31. 

Statement: Considering the tickets sold during the last seven days, the circus authorities decided to continue the show for another fortnight which includes two weekends.

Assumptions:

  1. People may not turn up on weekdays.
  2. The average number of people who will be visiting circus will be more or less same as that of the last seven days.
  3. There may not be enough response at other places.

A. All are implicit
B. None is implicit
C. Only II is implicit
D. Only I and II are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Clearly, the fortnight would include weekdays also. So, I is not implicit. Also, the authorities decided to continue the show with the hope that people would visit the circus in the same numbers as they had done in the last seven days. So, II is implicit. III is vague and so is not implicit.

32. 

Statement: Give this packet to Mr. X at his residence and return immediately. In case you are likely to be late inform me - Mr. A tells his clerk.

Assumptions:

  1. The clerk never informs about his late coming.
  2. The clerk may not obey Mr. As instructions.
  3. The clerk may not inform his late coming unless instructed.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. Only III is implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, the statement is merely a reminder. So, I is not implicit. Besides, the clerk is expected to execute his boss' order. So, II is not implicit. Also, a hunch that the clerk may not inform about his late coming has led Mr. A to instruct the clerk to do so. So, III is implicit.

33. 

Statement: An advertisement: Now you can own a new car in just Rs. 1,999 per month.

Assumptions:

  1. People aspire for owning a car.
  2. People do not want to buy used cars.
  3. Most people can afford to pay Rs. 1,999 per month for a new car.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II and III are implicit
C. Only I and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The advertisement has been given seeing the demand for cars. So, I is implicit. The advertisement stresses on 'owning a new car'. This implies that people would prefer to buy a new car rather than a used one, provided it suits their budget. So, II is implicit. The words 'just Rs. 1,999 per month' in the statement make III implicit.

34. 

Statement: The company has recently announced a series of incentives to the employees who are punctual and sincere.

Assumptions:

  1. Those who are not punctual at present may get motivated by the announcement.
  2. The productivity of the company may increase.
  3. The profit earned by the company may be more than the amount to be spent for the incentive programmes.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. None is implicit
C. Only II and III are implicit
D. All are implicit
E. None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Announcing incentives for punctual and sincere employees would surely motivate more and more employees to be punctual, and this will ensure productivity. So, both I and II are implicit. However, the statement does not give any information about the profit earned by the company. So, III is not implicit.

35. 

Statement: The economic condition continues to be critical even after a good harvest season.

Assumptions:

  1. The economic condition was not critical before the harvest season.
  2. The economic condition could not have improved without a good harvest season.
  3. The economic condition was expected to improve after a good harvest season.

A. Only I and II are implicit
B. Only II is implicit
C. Only II and III are implicit
D. Only III is implicit
E. Only I and III are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

It is mentioned that 'the economic condition continues to be critical'. This means that it was critical before the harvest season also. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statement does not imply that only a good harvest season could improve the economic condition. So, II is not implicit. However, since a surprise has been expressed over the condition being critical even after a good harvest season, it means that it was expected to improve after a good harvest season. So, III is implicit.