# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

Exercise : Statement and Assumption - Section 1
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

21.

Statement: The government has decided to pay compensation to the tune of Rs. 1 lakh to the family members of those who are killed in railway accidents.

Assumptions:

1. The government has enough funds to meet the expenses due to compensation.
2. There may be reduction in incidents of railway accidents in near future.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, the amount of compensation must have been decided keeping in mind the monetary position of the Government. So, I is implicit. However, nothing can be said about the frequency of railway accidents in future. So, II is not implicit.

22.

Statement: Films have become indispensable for the entertainment of people.

Assumptions:

1. Films are the only media of entertainment.
2. People enjoy films.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
'Films are indispensable' does not mean that they are the only means of entertainment. So, I is not implicit. Clearly, II follows from the statement. So, it is implicit.

23.

Statement: Of all the newspapers published in Mumbai, readership of the "Times" is the largest in the Metropolis.

Assumptions:

1. 'Times' is not popular in mofussil areas.
2. 'Times' has the popular feature of cartoons on burning social and political issues.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Neither the volume of readership of the 'Times' in areas other than the Metropolis nor the reason for its huge acclamation is evident from the statement So, neither I nor II is implicit.

24.

Statement: Apart from the entertainment value of television, its educational value cannot be ignored.

Assumptions:

1. People take television to be a means of entertainment only.
2. The educational value of television is not realised properly.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The statement makes the first assumption clear though educational value is not to be ignored. So, I is implicit. That the educational value must not be ignored also shows that educational value is not realised properly. So, II is also implicit.

25.

Statement: Children are influenced more by their teachers nowadays.

Assumptions:

1. The children consider teachers as their models.
2. A large amount of children's time is spent in school.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit