Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption

Exercise : Statement and Assumption - Section 1
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

16.

Statement: Please do not use lift while going down - an instruction on the top floor of a five-storey building.

Assumptions:

1. While going down, the lift is unable to carry any load.
2. Provision of lift is a matter of facility and not of right.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The statement requests people not to use lift while moving down. This implies that the lift may be used to move up and the request has been made so that more people can use the lift for ascending which would otherwise cause more physical stress than going down the stairs. So, only II is implicit.

17.

Statement: "I have not received telephone bills for nine months inspite of several complaints" - A telephone customer's letter to the editor of a daily

Assumptions:

1. Every customer has a right to get bills regularly from the telephone company.
2. The customer's complaints point to defect in the services which are expected to be corrected.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The customer's eagerness to get the bills makes I implicit. Besides, the customer has written to the editor to bring the malfunctioning of the department to public notice. So, II is also implicit.

18.

Assumptions:

1. People differ in their preferences.
2. Some people will get attracted to the drink as it can be had as it is.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The advertisement tells the different ways in which the drink can be had. This means that different people prefer to have it in a different way and that some people would prefer it only because it can be taken in a particular manner. So, both I and II are implicit.

19.

Statement: Government has permitted unaided colleges to increase their fees.

Assumptions:

1. Unaided colleges are in financial difficulties.
2. Aided colleges do not need to increase fees.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Unaided colleges have been allowed to increase their fees. This means that they are in financial difficulties. So, I is implicit. Nothing is mentioned about the aided colleges. So, II is not implicit.

20.

Statement: Be humble even after being victorious.

Assumptions:

1. Many people are humble after being victorious.
2. Generally people are not humble.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit