Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

30. 

Statement: Should agriculture in rural India be mechanized?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. It would lead to higher production.
  2. No. Many villagers would be left unemployed.

[A]. Only argument I is strong
[B]. Only argument II is strong
[C]. Either I or II is strong
[D]. Neither I nor II is strong
[E]. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, mechanization would speed up the work and increase the production. So, argument I is strong enough. Argument II is vague because mechanization will only eliminate wasteful employment, not create unemployment.

Richa Mehta said: (Dec 7, 2011)  
According to me, if rural production is mechanized, it will definitely lead to unemlpoyment, and there is no such wasteful unemployment these days, and so it should be seen that mechanization is not promoted in rural areas. What do you all think?

Anne said: (Nov 18, 2013)  
Agree, @Richa. Since when has there been such a thing as "wasteful employment" in agriculture? We certainly do not see many wastrels or happy-go-luckies in this industry for very obvious reasons. Also, since the work will be expedited by machines, what is the use of continuously hiring manpower when a machine can do the job of 5 people instead?

Christian said: (Oct 15, 2015)  
A lot of the "Right" answers are just subjective. In some countries peasant farming is they only employment, with 80% of people being peasant farmers. Mechanization would cause MASSIVE unemployment.

Both arguments are strong.

Bharti said: (May 2, 2018)  
If machines will do work then how will that farmer will remain employed at the same time?

It will lead to unemployment for sure.

Raghavgoyal said: (Jan 27, 2019)  
I think both should be valid in this question, as when the production will be mechanized it will surely lead to unemployment.

Please correct me, if I am wrong.

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