Logical Reasoning - Logical Problems

Read the question carefully and choose the correct answer.
1. 

Four defensive football players are chasing the opposing wide receiver, who has the ball. Calvin is directly behind the ball carrier. Jenkins and Burton are side by side behind Calvin. Zeller is behind Jenkins and Burton. Calvin tries for the tackle but misses and falls. Burton trips. Which defensive player tackles the receiver?

A. Burton
B. Zeller
C. Jenkins
D. Calvin

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

After all the switching was done, Jenkins was directly behind the receiver. Calvin and Burton had fallen. Zeller remained in the rear.

2. 

A four-person crew from Classic Colors is painting Mr. Field's house. Michael is painting the front of the house. Ross is in the alley behind the house painting the back. Jed is painting the window frames on the north side, Shawn is on the south. If Michael switches places with Jed, and Jed then switches places with Shawn, where is Shawn?

A. in the alley behind the house
B. on the north side of the house
C. in front of the house
D. on the south side of the house

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

After all the switches were made, Shawn is in front of the house. Ross is in the alley behind the house,Michael is on the north side, and Jed is on the south.

3. 

In a four-day period Monday through Thursday each of the following temporary office workers worked only one day, each a different day. Ms. Johnson was scheduled to work on Monday, but she traded with Mr. Carter, who was originally scheduled to work on Wednesday. Ms. Falk traded with Mr. Kirk, who was originally scheduled to work on Thursday. After all the switching was done, who worked on Tuesday?

A. Mr. Carter
B. Ms. Falk
C. Ms. Johnson
D. Mr. Kirk

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

After all the switches were made, Mr. Kirk worked on Tuesday. Mr. Carter worked on Monday,Ms. Johnson on Wednesday, and Ms. Falk on Thursday.

4. 

Four people witnessed a mugging. Each gave a different description of the mugger. Which description is probably right?

A. He was average height, thin, and middle-aged.
B. He was tall, thin, and middle-aged.
C. He was tall, thin, and young.
D. He was tall, of average weight, and middle-aged.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Tall, thin, and middle-aged are the elements of the description repeated most often and are therefore the most likely to be accurate.

5. 

Ms. Forest likes to let her students choose who their partners will be; however, no pair of students may work together more than seven class periods in a row. Adam and Baxter have studied together seven class periods in a row. Carter and Dennis have worked together three class periods in a row. Carter does not want to work with Adam. Who should be assigned to work with Baxter?

A. Carter
B. Adam
C. Dennis
D. Forest

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Baxter should be assigned to study with Carter. Baxter cannot be assigned with Adam, because they have already been together for seven class periods. If Baxter is assigned to work with Dennis, that would leave Adam with Carter, but Carter does not want to work with Adam.